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Effect of increased intra-abdominal pressure on urinary system development in fetal rabbits.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22099478     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
AIM: To investigate the effect of increased intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) on the fetal urinary system. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pregnant rabbits (15-day gestation) were used. Control (n = 5) and experimental (EG, n = 4) groups underwent intraperitoneal catheter placement. The IAP was increased by intraperitoneal air insufflations during the third trimester in the EG. At term, organ weight and organ weight/body weight (BW) ratios were noted, histological examination of the urinary system organs was performed, and the apoptotic indexes were calculated. RESULTS: BW and total renal weight were significantly increased in the EG (38.65 ± 8.34 g vs 49.36 ± 8.81 g, p = 0.008; and 0.406 ± 0.132 g vs 0.531 ± 0.129 g, p = 0.02). Total renal weight/BW ratio did not differ between groups (0.0103 ± 0.001 vs 0.0107 ± 0.001; p = 0.33). Bladder weight and bladder weight/BW ratio was also significantly increased in the EG (0.067 ± 0.014 g vs 0.114 ± 0.026 g, p = 0.00; and 0.00175 ± 0.00026 vs 0.00229 ± 0.00036, p = 0.001). Immature glomeruli and collecting tubules, and a thin and underdeveloped muscular layer in the ureter and bladder were encountered in the EG, and the apoptotic cell index was significantly increased (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Increased IAP has an adverse effect on fetal urinary system development, and may play a role in the pathogenesis of various congenital abnormalities of the urinary system.
Authors:
Ibrahim Karnak; Pergin Atilla; Sevda Müftüoğlu
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-11-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of pediatric urology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-4898     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-11-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101233150     Medline TA:  J Pediatr Urol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Journal of Pediatric Urology Company. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine, Departments of Pediatric Surgery, 06100 Sıhhiye, Ankara, Turkey.
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