Document Detail


Effect of hydrotherapy on the signs and symptoms of delayed onset muscle soreness.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17978833     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This study independently examined the effects of three hydrotherapy interventions on the physiological and functional symptoms of delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS). Strength trained males (n = 38) completed two experimental trials separated by 8 months in a randomised crossover design; one trial involved passive recovery (PAS, control), the other a specific hydrotherapy protocol for 72 h post-exercise; either: (1) cold water immersion (CWI: n = 12), (2) hot water immersion (HWI: n = 11) or (3) contrast water therapy (CWT: n = 15). For each trial, subjects performed a DOMS-inducing leg press protocol followed by PAS or one of the hydrotherapy interventions for 14 min. Weighted squat jump, isometric squat, perceived pain, thigh girths and blood variables were measured prior to, immediately after, and at 24, 48 and 72 h post-exercise. Squat jump performance and isometric force recovery were significantly enhanced (P < 0.05) at 24, 48 and 72 h post-exercise following CWT and at 48 and 72 h post-exercise following CWI when compared to PAS. Isometric force recovery was also greater (P < 0.05) at 24, 48, and 72 h post-exercise following HWI when compared to PAS. Perceived pain improved (P < 0.01) following CWT at 24, 48 and 72 h post-exercise. Overall, CWI and CWT were found to be effective in reducing the physiological and functional deficits associated with DOMS, including improved recovery of isometric force and dynamic power and a reduction in localised oedema. While HWI was effective in the recovery of isometric force, it was ineffective for recovery of all other markers compared to PAS.
Authors:
Joanna Vaile; Shona Halson; Nicholas Gill; Brian Dawson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2007-11-03
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of applied physiology     Volume:  102     ISSN:  1439-6319     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur. J. Appl. Physiol.     Publication Date:  2008 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-01-14     Completed Date:  2008-06-18     Revised Date:  2008-07-02    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100954790     Medline TA:  Eur J Appl Physiol     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  447-55     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Physiology, Australian Institute of Sport, PO Box 176, Belconnen, ACT, Australia. jo.vaile@ausport.gov.au
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Creatine Kinase / blood
Cross-Over Studies
Edema / therapy
Exercise / physiology*
Humans
Hydrotherapy*
Interleukin-6 / blood
Isometric Contraction / physiology*
L-Lactate Dehydrogenase / blood
Male
Motor Activity / physiology
Muscle, Skeletal / physiology*
Myoglobin / blood
Pain / therapy*
Thigh / physiology
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Interleukin-6; 0/Myoglobin; EC 1.1.1.27/L-Lactate Dehydrogenase; EC 2.7.3.2/Creatine Kinase
Comments/Corrections
Erratum In:
Eur J Appl Physiol. 2008 May;103(1):121-2

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