Document Detail


Effect of a home exercise program on dynamic balance in elderly with a history of falls.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21911872     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To determine exercise efficacy in improving dynamic balance in community-dwelling elderly with a fall history.
METHODS: Thirty-five participants were randomly assigned to a treatment (TG; n = 19, 77 ± 7 yr) or control group (CG; n = 16, 75 ± 8 yr). The TG received an individualized home exercise program, and the CG received phone calls twice per week for 12 weeks. Participants' dynamic-balance abilities- directional control (DC), endpoint excursion (EE), maximum excursion (ME), reaction time (RT), and movement velocity (MV)-were measured using the Balance Master at 75% limits of stability. Functional reach (FR) was also measured.
RESULTS: At 12 weeks the TG demonstrated significant improvements in DC (p < .0025), EE (p < .0005), and ME (p < .0005), but the CG did not. No significant group differences were found for MV, RT, or FR.
CONCLUSIONS: Excursion distances and directional control improved but not reaction time, suggesting that exercises requiring quick responses may be needed.
Authors:
Sharon L Olson; Shu-Shi Chen; Ching-Yi Wang
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of aging and physical activity     Volume:  19     ISSN:  1063-8652     ISO Abbreviation:  J Aging Phys Act     Publication Date:  2011 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-09-13     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9415639     Medline TA:  J Aging Phys Act     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  291-305     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
School of Physical Therapy, Texas Woman's University, Houston, TX.
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