Document Detail

Effect of heavy metals (Cu, Cd and Pb) on aspartate and alanine aminotransferase in Ruditapes philippinarum (Mollusca: Bivalvia).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10190053     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The accumulation of cadmium, copper and lead and their effects on aspartate and alanine aminotransferases in digestive gland, gills, foot and soft body in the clam Ruditapes philippinarum were examined. The animals were exposed to different concentrations: Cd (200-600 micrograms.l-1), Pb (350-700 micrograms.l-1) and Cu (10-20 micrograms.l-1) for 7 days. The highest concentrations were found in digestive gland for cadmium and copper, and in gills for lead, and the lowest values were observed in the foot. Aspartate aminotransferase activity (AST), in general, was not inhibited by cadmium, lead or copper during the exposure. Only in clams exposed to cadmium (600 micrograms.l-1, 7 days) and copper (20 micrograms.l-1, 5 days) were observed significant differences (P < 0.05) in foot and gills, respectively, with respect to control. In the case of alanine aminotransferase activity (ALT), significant differences were observed for cadmium and lead in treated animals with respect to control. With regard to copper, a decrease in ALT was observed in gills and foot exposed to 20 micrograms.l-1. A significant correlation (P < 0.05) was observed between ALT and metal accumulation for cadmium, copper and lead in gills. In the case of soft body, only cadmium and lead showed a significant correlation. In summary, R. philippinarum can be considered a bioindicator species for cadmium and lead accumulation and ALT could be useful as biomarker of sublethal stress for these metals in soft tissues and gills can be considered an adequate target tissue for copper.
J Blasco; J Puppo
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Comparative biochemistry and physiology. Part C, Pharmacology, toxicology & endocrinology     Volume:  122     ISSN:  1367-8280     ISO Abbreviation:  Comp. Biochem. Physiol. C, Pharmacol. Toxicol. Endocrinol.     Publication Date:  1999 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-05-26     Completed Date:  1999-05-26     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9516060     Medline TA:  Comp Biochem Physiol C Pharmacol Toxicol Endocrinol     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  253-63     Citation Subset:  IM    
Instituto de Ciencias Marinas de Andalucía, Cádiz, Spain.
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MeSH Terms
Alanine Transaminase / antagonists & inhibitors,  metabolism*
Aspartate Aminotransferases / antagonists & inhibitors,  metabolism*
Cadmium / pharmacology*
Copper / pharmacology*
Digestive System / enzymology
Enzyme Inhibitors / pharmacology
Gills / enzymology
Lead / pharmacology*
Mollusca / anatomy & histology,  drug effects,  enzymology*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Enzyme Inhibitors; 7439-92-1/Lead; 7440-43-9/Cadmium; 7440-50-8/Copper; EC Aminotransferases; EC Transaminase

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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