Document Detail

Effect of glycemic carbohydrates on short-term satiety and food intake.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12828188     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
We examine the relationships between glycemic carbohydrate and its effects on short-term satiety and food intake. Both high- and low-glycemic carbohydrates have an impact on satiety, but their effects have different time courses. High-glycemic carbohydrates are associated with a reduction in appetite and food intake in the short term (e.g., one hour), whereas the satiating effects of lower-glycemic carbohydrates appear to be delayed (e.g., 2 to 3 hours). There is no consistent evidence that an increase in blood glucose, either acute or sustained, is the primary determinant of their effects on food intake and satiety. Many other preabsorptive and postabsorptive signals for satiety exist and may be the determining factors. Further studies are needed to delineate the role of glycemic carbohydrates and their mechanisms of action in determining satiety.
G Harvey Anderson; Dianne Woodend
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nutrition reviews     Volume:  61     ISSN:  0029-6643     ISO Abbreviation:  Nutr. Rev.     Publication Date:  2003 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-06-27     Completed Date:  2003-07-18     Revised Date:  2005-11-16    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376405     Medline TA:  Nutr Rev     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  S17-26     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Toronto, Fitzgerald Building, 150 College Street, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5S 3E2.
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MeSH Terms
Blood Glucose* / analysis
Dietary Carbohydrates / administration & dosage*
Dietary Sucrose / administration & dosage
Eating / drug effects*
Energy Intake
Fructose / administration & dosage
Glucose / administration & dosage
Glycemic Index
Satiation / drug effects*
Starch / administration & dosage
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Blood Glucose; 0/Dietary Carbohydrates; 0/Dietary Sucrose; 30237-26-4/Fructose; 50-99-7/Glucose; 9005-25-8/Starch

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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