Document Detail


Effect of germinated and heated soybean meals on plasma cholesterol and triglycerides in rats.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2291809     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Soybean may be useful in diets for the prevention of cardiovascular disease and the treatment of type II hyperlipoproteinemia as it lowers blood cholesterol levels. However, unpleasant organoleptic qualities and the presence of antinutritional substances hinder its use. Some of these problems may be partially solved by germinating the seeds or heating the meals. The effects of the duration of soybean germination and of heating the meal were studied in Wistar rats. Dietary meal composition, plasma cholesterol and triglyceride levels were evaluated after feeding rats with various soybean meal or casein diets containing 10% protein for 6 weeks. Plasma cholesterol and triglyceride levels were 0.81 +/- 0.11 and 0.82 +/- 0.23 g/l respectively after the casein diet and 0.90 +/- 0.10 and 0.51 +/- 0.17 g/l after the raw soybean diet. Soybean germination had a hypercholesterolemic effect (1.05 +/- 0.11 g/l after 5 d). Heating the raw meal or germinated soybean meal did not affect cholesterol levels, though it suppressed the hypotriglyceridemic effect. The triglyceride-lowering effect of soybean was probably caused by the presence of thermolabile substances or by the quantity of food ingested. The unexpected increase in blood cholesterol levels may have been due to the effect of the low dietary protein levels.
Authors:
V Chandrasiri; H M Bau; C Villaume; F Giannangeli; L Méjean
Related Documents :
2625489 - Effects of fish meals on rumen bacterial fermentation in continuous culture.
3584609 - Measuring feed intake patterns and meal size of lactating dairy cows.
11336159 - Role of cholecystokinin in relaxation of the proximal stomach.
20691129 - Time-dependent changes in the expression of lymphocyte and monocyte cell adhesion molec...
16820739 - Do meal replacement drinks have a role in diabetes management?
8274479 - Activation of coagulation factor vii during alimentary lipemia.
8120189 - Effects of forage particle size and long hay for cows fed total mixed rations based on ...
21932579 - A prospective clinical pilot-trial comparing the effect of an optimized mixed diet vers...
3190759 - Effect of two different types of malnutrition on the rate of elimination of ethanol in ...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Reproduction, nutrition, development     Volume:  30     ISSN:  0926-5287     ISO Abbreviation:  Reprod. Nutr. Dev.     Publication Date:  1990  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1991-04-10     Completed Date:  1991-04-10     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8913069     Medline TA:  Reprod Nutr Dev     Country:  FRANCE    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  611-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
INSERM U 308, 38 rue Lionnois, Nancy, France.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Cholesterol / blood*
Copper / analysis
Dietary Proteins / administration & dosage,  pharmacology*
Hot Temperature*
Male
Phytosterols / analysis
Rats
Rats, Inbred Strains
Seeds / growth & development*
Soybean Proteins
Soybeans* / analysis,  growth & development
Triglycerides / blood*
Vegetable Proteins / administration & dosage,  pharmacology*
Zinc / analysis
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Dietary Proteins; 0/Phytosterols; 0/Soybean Proteins; 0/Triglycerides; 0/Vegetable Proteins; 57-88-5/Cholesterol; 7440-50-8/Copper; 7440-66-6/Zinc

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Prolactin release and milk removal induced by suckling and milking in lactating ewes is prevented by...
Next Document:  Isolation and partial characterization of cyclosporin synthetase from a cyclosporin non-producing mu...