Document Detail

Effect of gamma-irradiation combined with washing and waxing treatment on physicochemical properties, vitamin C, and organoleptic quality of Citrus clementina Hort. Ex. Tanaka.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12452643     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
To enhance the shelf life of a late variety of Moroccan Citrus clementina (Nour), ionizing treatments were applied at 0.3 kGy, as well as washing (cold water) and waxing treatments. It has been found that, despite the irradiation treatment, the washing and waxing treatment do not improve the quality of C. clementina, but rather result in yellower peels, peel injury, and reductions of vitamin C content, acidity, and soluble solids. However, gamma-irradiation alone enhanced significantly (p <or= 0.05) the level of vitamin C and the total phenolic content and maintained the color of the C. clementina during the entire storage period (49 days at 3 +/- 1 degrees C and 84% relative humidity). Finally, sensory evaluation further confirmed the beneficial effect of gamma-irradiation. Irradiated clementines were found to be sweeter. Also, the sensorial score of irradiated (I) and washed, waxed, and un-irradiated (LC) fruits was maintained over 7 days during 21 days as compared to 14 days for unwashed, unwaxed, and un-irradiated (C) and for washed, waxed, and irradiated (LCI) fruits.
Mostafa Mahrouz; Monique Lacroix; Giuseppe D'Aprano; Hafida Oufedjikh; Cheikh Boubekri; Marcel Gagnon
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of agricultural and food chemistry     Volume:  50     ISSN:  0021-8561     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Agric. Food Chem.     Publication Date:  2002 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-11-27     Completed Date:  2003-01-14     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0374755     Medline TA:  J Agric Food Chem     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  7271-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Département de Chimie, Faculté des Sciences Semlalia, Université Cadi Ayyad, Avenue Prince Mly. Abdellah, B.P. S 15, Marrakech, Morocco.
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MeSH Terms
Ascorbic Acid / analysis*
Chemistry, Physical
Citrus / chemistry*,  radiation effects*
Food Handling*
Food Irradiation*
Food Preservation
Gamma Rays*
Phenols / analysis
Physicochemical Phenomena
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Phenols; 0/Waxes; 50-81-7/Ascorbic Acid

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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