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Effect of gamma and electron beam irradiation on the physico-chemical and nutritional properties of mushrooms: A review.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22868140     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The short shelf-life of mushrooms is an obstacle to the distribution and marketing of the fresh product. Thus, prolonging postharvest storage, while preserving their quality, would benefit the mushroom industry as well as consumers. There has been extensive research on finding the most appropriate technology for mushrooms preservation. Gamma, electron-beam and UV irradiation have been shown to be potential tools in extending the postharvest shelf-life of fresh mushrooms. Studies evaluating the effects of ionizing radiation are available mainly in cultivated species such as Agaricus bisporus, Lentinus edodes and Pleurotus ostreatus. This review comprises a comprehensive study of the effects of irradiation on physico-chemical parameters (weight, colour, texture and pH), chemical compounds including nutrients (proteins, sugars and vitamins) and non-nutrients (phenolics, flavonoids and flavour compounds), and on biochemical parameters such as enzymatic activity of mushrooms for different species and from different regions of the world.
Authors:
Angela Fernandes; Amilcar L Antonio; M Beatriz P P Oliveira; Anabela Martins; Isabel C F R Ferreira
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2012-05-02
Journal Detail:
Title:  Food chemistry     Volume:  135     ISSN:  0308-8146     ISO Abbreviation:  Food Chem     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-08-07     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7702639     Medline TA:  Food Chem     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  641-50     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
REQUIMTE/Depto. de Ciências Químicas, Faculdade de Farmácia, Universidade do Porto, Rua de Aníbal Cunha, 164, 4050-047 Porto, Portugal; CIMO-ESA, Instituto Politécnico de Bragança, Campus de Santa Apolónia, Apartado 1172, 5301-855 Bragança, Portugal.
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