Document Detail

Effect of foot orthotics on calcaneal eversion during standing and treadmill walking for subjects with abnormal pronation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11104377     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
STUDY DESIGN: Repeated measures analysis of intervention. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of foot orthotics and shoewear on calcaneal eversion for standing and treadmill walking. BACKGROUND: Foot orthotics are commonly used as an intervention for treating lower extremity musculoskeletal pathology. Qualitative research regarding the benefit of foot orthotics tends to be favorable, while the results of quantitative studies often conflict. METHODS AND MEASURES: Eight men (mean age = 35.8 +/- 12.7 years) and 5 women (mean age = 30.4 +/- 10.6 years), who demonstrated abnormal pronation, walked quickly (average velocity = 1.9 m/s) on a treadmill with and without foot orthotics. Subjects were filmed using a 2-dimensional video system and plastic molds designed to indicate calcaneal position inside the shoe during static standing and treadmill walking. RESULTS: Paired t tests indicated that foot orthotics significantly reduced the mean maximum calcaneal eversion angle by 2.2 degrees and the mean calcaneal eversion angle at heel rise by 2.1 degrees during fast walking. Orthotic and nonorthotic conditions did not differ significantly for the remaining kinematic variables. A one-way ANOVA indicated that calcaneal eversion in standing was significantly greater for barefoot standing compared with standing in shoes with or without orthotics. ANOVA also indicated that the plastic molds provided reliable measures of calcaneal position. CONCLUSIONS: Foot orthotics have a significant effect on calcaneal eversion and shoes also should be considered in conjunction with foot orthotic prescription.
J M Genova; M T Gross
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of orthopaedic and sports physical therapy     Volume:  30     ISSN:  0190-6011     ISO Abbreviation:  J Orthop Sports Phys Ther     Publication Date:  2000 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-03-13     Completed Date:  2001-05-31     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7908150     Medline TA:  J Orthop Sports Phys Ther     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  664-75     Citation Subset:  IM    
Duke Physical Therapy, Mebane Outpatient Community Office, Mebane, NC 27302, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Calcaneus / physiology*
Middle Aged
Orthotic Devices*
Walking / physiology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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