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Effect of food restriction on cocaine locomotor sensitization in Sprague-Dawley rats : Role of kappa opioid receptors.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23212389     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
RATIONALE: The interaction between repeated cocaine exposure and food restriction on sensitization to the stimulatory effects of cocaine has not been characterized. OBJECTIVES: To compare cocaine sensitization in rats free fed and food restricted, and begin to explore the role of the stress-responsive dynorphin/kappa opioid system. METHODS: Male rats were maintained for 10 days on two feeding conditions: free fed or food restricted (85 % of free fed weight). Test 1 of locomotor reactivity to cocaine (3, 9, or 15 mg/kg, IP) was followed by a sensitizing regimen of cocaine exposure (0 or 30 mg/kg/day × 5 days, IP), by a 10-day drug-free period, and by Test 2 of reactivity to the same cocaine dose. In a second experiment, rats received an injection of norbinaltorphimine (nor-BNI; 0, 5 or 20 mg/kg, SC) 10 days prior to each locomotion test, and plasma corticosterone (CORT) was assessed after Test 2. RESULTS: On Test 1, it was found that food restriction enhanced locomotor responses to all doses of cocaine. On Test 2, it was found that free fed and food restricted animals displayed similar sensitized responses to cocaine. This, however, was not observed in nor-BNI-treated rats. Furthermore, 20 mg/kg nor-BNI reduced both the locomotor response to cocaine on Test 2 and the effect of cocaine and food restriction on CORT plasma levels. CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that the interaction between cocaine sensitization and food restriction is not synergistic, and that it involves activation of kappa-opioid receptors.
Authors:
Craig P Allen; Yan Zhou; Francesco Leri
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-12-2
Journal Detail:
Title:  Psychopharmacology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1432-2072     ISO Abbreviation:  Psychopharmacology (Berl.)     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-5     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7608025     Medline TA:  Psychopharmacology (Berl)     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, University of Guelph, 50 Stone Road East, Guelph, ON, Canada, N1G 2W1.
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