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EFFECT OF FERMENTATION PARAMETERS ON BIO-ALCOHOLS PRODUCTION FROM GLYCEROL USING IMMOBILIZED Clostridium pasteurianum: AN OPTIMIZATION STUDY.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23876141     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This article addresses the issue of effect of fermentation parameters for conversion of glycerol (in both pure and crude form) into three value-added products, namely, ethanol, butanol, and 1,3-propanediol (1,3-PDO), by immobilized Clostridium pasteurianum and thereby addresses the statistical optimization of this process. The analysis of effect of different process parameters such as agitation rate, fermentation temperature, medium pH, and initial glycerol concentration indicated that medium pH was the most critical factor for total alcohols production in case of pure glycerol as fermentation substrate. On the other hand, initial glycerol concentration was the most significant factor for fermentation with crude glycerol. An interesting observation was that the optimized set of fermentation parameters was found to be independent of the type of glycerol (either pure or crude) used. At optimum conditions of agitation rate (200 rpm), initial glycerol concentration (25 g/L), fermentation temperature (30°C), and medium pH (7.0), the total alcohols production was almost equal in anaerobic shake flasks and 2-L bioreactor. This essentially means that at optimum process parameters, the scale of operation does not affect the output of the process. The immobilized cells could be reused for multiple cycles for both pure and crude glycerol fermentation.
Authors:
Swati Khanna; Arun Goyal; Vijayanand S Moholkar
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Preparative biochemistry & biotechnology     Volume:  43     ISSN:  1532-2297     ISO Abbreviation:  Prep. Biochem. Biotechnol.     Publication Date:  2013 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-07-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9607037     Medline TA:  Prep Biochem Biotechnol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  828-47     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
a Center for Energy, Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati , Guwahati , Assam , India.
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