Document Detail

Effect of feeding cholesterol to laying hens and chicks on cholesterol metabolism in pre- and posthatch chicks.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2263545     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Single Comb White Leghorn laying hens that were 60 wk of age were fed wheat and soybean meal diets containing either 0 or 1% cholesterol. Birds were artificially inseminated, and fertilized eggs were collected for incubation after a plateau of egg cholesterol content was reached. Posthatch chicks were raised with starter diets containing either 0 or .5% cholesterol. Samples of developing embryos and posthatch chicks at various stages were prepared for cholesterol analysis. As compared with controls, cholesterol content of eggs from hens fed 1.0% cholesterol diet was increased by approximately 70%. Embryos from the cholesterol-loaded eggs had significantly higher (P less than .05) cholesterol content. The plasma total cholesterol (TC) level in chicks from cholesterol-loaded eggs, when compared with TC in control eggs, was significantly higher at hatching but decreased to the same level by 2 wk after hatching. Cholesterol feeding to newly hatched chicks elevated plasma TC and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels. The TC contents of liver and heart, but not skeletal muscle, were significantly higher in chicks fed the .5% cholesterol starter diet than those fed the cholesterol-free diet. These results show that cholesterol metabolism in developing embryos and posthatch chicks is influenced by cholesterol in both maternal and chick diets.
Z Jiang; G Cherian; F E Robinson; J S Sim
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Poultry science     Volume:  69     ISSN:  0032-5791     ISO Abbreviation:  Poult. Sci.     Publication Date:  1990 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1991-02-07     Completed Date:  1991-02-07     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401150     Medline TA:  Poult Sci     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1694-701     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Animal Science, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Chick Embryo / chemistry,  growth & development
Chickens / metabolism*
Cholesterol / analysis,  blood,  metabolism*
Cholesterol, Dietary / administration & dosage*
Cholesterol, HDL / blood
Egg Yolk / analysis
Liver / chemistry
Models, Biological
Muscles / chemistry
Myocardium / chemistry
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Cholesterol, Dietary; 0/Cholesterol, HDL; 57-88-5/Cholesterol

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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