Document Detail


Effect of feed type and essential oil product on equine chewing activity.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19012607     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The ingestive and post-digestion effect of a blend of special essential oil compounds (EO) on eating, chewing and faecal parameters were measured in horses. Ingestive effects appear after no adaptation. Post-digestion effects appear after adaptation. Six Icelandic horses were assigned to two groups in a Latin Square subplot design with EO treatments to four different roughage types and four different concentrates. The horses were fed four different roughage meals and two different concentrate meals on each of the four sampling days. Eating time and saliva were observed during meals. Jaw movements (JM) were recorded using a special chewing halter. Eating time was derived from JM and related to DM intake. The size characteristics of faecal particles were measured by using image analysis. All chewing characteristics measured were significantly affected by roughage (p < 0.001) and concentrate type (p < 0.01). EO had a significant ingestive effect on the frequency of observed saliva during concentrate meals. No significant (p < 0.05) post-digestive or ingestive effect of EO was found for any measured chewing characteristic, which was reflected in the absence of effect on faecal particle dimensions. In conclusion, effect of type of roughage and concentrate was more significant than potential effects of EO.
Authors:
C Brøkner; P Nørgaard; H H Hansen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of animal physiology and animal nutrition     Volume:  92     ISSN:  1439-0396     ISO Abbreviation:  J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr (Berl)     Publication Date:  2008 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-11-17     Completed Date:  2009-02-27     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101126979     Medline TA:  J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr (Berl)     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  621-30     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
University of Copenhagen, Faculty of Life Science, Department of Animal- and Veterinary Basic Sciences, Frederiksberg C, Denmark. cb@hippolyt.dk
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animal Feed
Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena / physiology
Animals
Cross-Over Studies
Dietary Fiber / administration & dosage
Digestion / drug effects*,  physiology
Feces / chemistry*
Horses / metabolism*
Mastication / drug effects*,  physiology
Oils, Volatile / administration & dosage*
Random Allocation
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Oils, Volatile

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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