Document Detail

Effect of fatty acids added to the milk replacer on white scour and excretion of fatty acids in Holstein calves.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20163618     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
In order to examine the relationship between white scour and fatty acids, we added fatty acids to the milk replacer. Twenty healthy Holstein calves were divided into 4 groups, five calves per group; a control group with no fortified fatty acid, and 3 groups fed either with oleic, stearic, or palmitic acid, respectively. The calves were fed milk replacer (5% of the calf's body weight) twice a day but the fatty acids (2 wt % of milk replacer) were added only once. The fecal and blood samples were obtained at 0, 12, 24, 36, and 48 h after feeding of the acids. All five calves in the palmitic acid group, and 3 out of 5 calves each in the stealic and the oleic acid groups had whitish feces after feeding fatty acid. The stearic acid group had a significantly elevated stearic acid concentration in the feces during 24-36 h compared to the pre-feeding level. The fecal concentration of palmitic acid increased significantly at 24-36 h in the palmitic acid group. We concluded that the long-chain saturated fatty acids are one of the causes of white scour in calves.
Keiji Okada; Yoshie Goto; Takehiro Furukawa; Kentaro Ikuta; Jun Yasuda
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Animal science journal = Nihon chikusan Gakkaih?     Volume:  80     ISSN:  1740-0929     ISO Abbreviation:  Anim. Sci. J.     Publication Date:  2009 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-02-18     Completed Date:  2010-05-20     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100956805     Medline TA:  Anim Sci J     Country:  Japan    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  542-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Faculty of Agriculture, Iwate University, Morioka, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Animal Husbandry
Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
Animals, Suckling / metabolism*
Cattle / metabolism*
Cattle Diseases / chemically induced*,  physiopathology
Feces / chemistry
Milk Substitutes / metabolism
Oleic Acid / adverse effects*,  metabolism
Palmitic Acid / adverse effects*,  metabolism
Stearic Acids / adverse effects*,  metabolism
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Stearic Acids; 112-80-1/Oleic Acid; 57-10-3/Palmitic Acid; 57-11-4/stearic acid

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