Document Detail

Effect of fastskin suits on performance, drag, and energy cost of swimming.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18460989     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of fastskin suits on 25- to 800-m performances, drag, and energy cost of swimming. METHODS: The performances, stroke rate and distance per stroke, were measured for 14 competitive swimmers in a 25-m pool, when wearing a normal suit (N) and when wearing a full-body suit (FB) or a waist-to-ankle suit (L). Passive drag, oxygen uptake, blood lactate, and the perceived exertion were measured in a flume. RESULTS: There was a 3.2% +/- 2.4% performance benefit for all subjects over the six distances covered at maximal speed wearing FB and L when compared with N. When wearing L, the gain was significantly lower (1.8% +/- 2.5%, P < 0.01) than when wearing FB compared with N. The exercise perception was significantly lower when wearing FB than N, whereas there was no statistical difference when wearing L. The distance per stroke was significantly higher when wearing FB and L, whereas the differences in stroke rate were not statistically significant. There was a significant reduction in drag when wearing FB and L of 6.2% +/- 7.9% and 4.7% +/- 4.4%, respectively (P < 0.01), whereas the energy cost of swimming was significantly reduced when wearing FB and L by 4.5% +/- 5.4% and 5.5% +/- 3.1%, respectively (P < 0.01). However, the differences between FB and L were not statistically significant for drag and oxygen uptake. CONCLUSION: FB and L significantly reduced passive drag, and this was associated with a decreased energy cost of submaximal swimming and an increased distance per stroke, at the same stroke rates, and reduced freestyle performance time.
Jean-Claude Chatard; Barry Wilson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medicine and science in sports and exercise     Volume:  40     ISSN:  0195-9131     ISO Abbreviation:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Publication Date:  2008 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-05-22     Completed Date:  2008-10-21     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8005433     Medline TA:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1149-54     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Laboratory of Clinical and Exercise Physiology, Medical Faculty, Jean Monnet University of Saint-Etienne, France.
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MeSH Terms
Athletic Performance / physiology*
Energy Metabolism / physiology*
Middle Aged
Sports Equipment*
Swimming / physiology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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