Document Detail


Effect expectancies for cocaine intoxication: initial vs. descendent phases.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8506788     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This study examined the association between proximal vs. distal effect expectancies for cocaine consumption in a college student population with (N = 26) and without (N = 69) cocaine experience. Participants completed the Cocaine Effect Expectancy Questionnaire-Likert (CEEQL) and were asked to respond to each item twice: first, their belief about that specific effect during the initial phase of cocaine intoxication; and second, in relation to their belief about that effect during the descendent period. Positive and negative scales were scored for each subject. Positive expectancies were not associated between the two time points, while negative expectancies were. Users reported significantly less negative expected effects of cocaine, while nonusers and users held similar beliefs about the positive effects of cocaine. This latter effect was replicated in an independent sample (N = 140).
Authors:
J Schafer; W Fals-Stewart
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Addictive behaviors     Volume:  18     ISSN:  0306-4603     ISO Abbreviation:  Addict Behav     Publication Date:    1993 Mar-Apr
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1993-07-08     Completed Date:  1993-07-08     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7603486     Medline TA:  Addict Behav     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  171-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
San Diego State University.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Attitude*
Cocaine* / pharmacology
Cross-Sectional Studies
Female
Humans
Male
Questionnaires
Reinforcement (Psychology)
Substance-Related Disorders / psychology*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
50-36-2/Cocaine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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