Document Detail

Effect of exercise training on blood pressure in 70- to 79-yr-old men and women.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2056908     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Men and women 70-79 yr of age (N = 49) were studied to assess the effect of 6 months of resistance or endurance exercise training on their blood pressure, hemodynamic parameters, and pressor hormone levels. Resistance training consisted of one set of 8-12 repetitions on ten Nautilus machines three times per week. The endurance training group progressed to training at 75-85% VO2max for 35-45 min three times per week for the last 2 months of training. No changes in body weight or estimated lean body mass occurred; however, the sum of seven skinfolds, as an index of percent body fat, decreased in both exercise groups. Upper and lower body strength increased with resistance training, while VO2max increased by 20% in the endurance training group. Blood pressure did not change with resistance training in individuals with normal or somewhat elevated blood pressures. Diastolic and mean blood pressure decreased significantly, by 5 and 4 mm Hg, with endurance training. Subjects with blood pressure greater than 140/90 reduced their systolic, diastolic, and mean blood pressure by 8, 9, and 8 mm Hg, respectively, with endurance exercise training. Cardiac output, peripheral vascular resistance, and plasma levels of angiotensin I and II and epi- and norepinephrine did not change in any of the groups. Thus, resistance exercise training does not adversely affect, or reduce, blood pressure, while endurance exercise training produces modest reductions in blood pressure in 70-79-yr-old individuals with somewhat elevated blood pressures.
C C Cononie; J E Graves; M L Pollock; M I Phillips; C Sumners; J M Hagberg
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medicine and science in sports and exercise     Volume:  23     ISSN:  0195-9131     ISO Abbreviation:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Publication Date:  1991 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1991-07-29     Completed Date:  1991-07-29     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8005433     Medline TA:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  505-11     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Department of Exercise and Sport Sciences, College of Health and Human Performance, University of Florida, Gainesville 32611.
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MeSH Terms
Angiotensin I / blood
Angiotensin II / blood
Blood Pressure / physiology*
Body Composition
Cardiac Output / physiology
Epinephrine / blood
Exercise / physiology*
Heart Rate
Norepinephrine / blood
Oxygen Consumption
Physical Education and Training*
Stroke Volume
Reg. No./Substance:
11128-99-7/Angiotensin II; 51-41-2/Norepinephrine; 51-43-4/Epinephrine; 9041-90-1/Angiotensin I

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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