Document Detail


Effect of exercise on bone structural traits, physical performance and body composition in breast cancer patients - A 12-month RCT.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22947544     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In this 12-month RCT, we examined whether aerobic impact exercise training (3x/week) could facilitate breast cancer survivors' recovery by enhancing their bone structural strength, physical performance and body composition. After the adjuvant chemo- and/ or radiotherapy, 86 patients were randomly assigned into the training or control group. Structural bone traits were assessed with pQCT at the tibia and with DXA at the femoral neck. Agility (figure-8 running), jump force and power (force platform), grip strength and cardiovascular fitness (2-km walk test) were also assessed. Training effects on outcome variables were estimated by two-way factorial ANCOVA using the study group and menopausal status as fixed factors. Bone structural strength was better maintained among the trainees. At the femoral neck, there was a small but significant 2% training effect in the bone mass distribution (p=0.05). At the tibial diaphysis, slight 1% to 2% training effects (p=0.03) in total cross-sectional area and bone structural strength were observed (p=0.03) among the postmenopausal trainees. Also, 3% to 4% training effects were observed in the figure-8 running time (p=0.03) and grip strength (p=0.01). In conclusion, vigorous aerobic impact exercise training has potential to maintain bone structural strength and improve physical performance among breast cancer survivors.
Authors:
R Nikander; H Sievanen; K Ojala; P Kellokumpu-Lehtinen; T Palva; C Blomqvist; R Luoto; T Saarto
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of musculoskeletal & neuronal interactions     Volume:  12     ISSN:  1108-7161     ISO Abbreviation:  J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact     Publication Date:  2012 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-09-05     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101084496     Medline TA:  J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact     Country:  Greece    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  127-35     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Helsinki Metropolia University, Department of Physiotherapy, Helsinki, Finland.
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