Document Detail


Effect of endurance training on retinol-binding protein 4 gene expression and its protein level in adipose tissue and the liver in diabetic rats induced by a high-fat diet and streptozotocin.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25411614     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
AIMS/INTRODUCTION: The present study was designed to investigate from which tissues the decrease in retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4) expression could contribute to the improvement of serum RBP4 and insulin resistance (IR) after endurance training.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Male 7-week-old Wistar rats were randomly assigned into four groups including control (C), trained (T), diabetic control (DC) and trained diabetic (TD). At 8 weeks-of-age, diabetes was induced by a high-fat diet and intraperitoneal injection of low-dose streptozotocin (STZ; 35 mg/kg). Rats in the T and TD groups carried out a 7-week exercise program on a motorized treadmill (15-20 m/min for 20 min/day for 5 weeks), whereas the C and DC remained sedentary in their cages. Tissues gene expression and protein levels of RBP4 were assessed by using real-time polymerase chain reaction and western blot, respectively, while serum RBP4 was measured using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kit.
RESULTS: Exercise significantly improved IR and reduced serum concentration of RBP4 in the TD group. This reduction of serum RBP4 was accompanied by decreased RBP4 protein expression in visceral fat tissue. In contrast, exercise had no significant effect on RBP4 expression in liver and subcutaneous fat tissue in the TD group. Exercise also significantly decreased RBP4 gene expression in visceral fat tissue and muscle, whereas the effect of exercise on liver RBP4 messenger ribonucleic acid expression was not significant.
CONCLUSIONS: The present study showed that the mechanism for RBP4 reducing the effect of endurance training could involve decreased RBP4 messenger ribonucleic acid expression and its protein level in adipose tissue in STZ-induced diabetic rats.
Authors:
Masoume Mansouri; Rohollah Nikooie; Abasali Keshtkar; Bagher Larijani; Kobra Omidfar
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-2-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of diabetes investigation     Volume:  5     ISSN:  2040-1116     ISO Abbreviation:  J Diabetes Investig     Publication Date:  2014 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-11-20     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  2014-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101520702     Medline TA:  J Diabetes Investig     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  484-491     Citation Subset:  -    
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