Document Detail

Effect of an elemental diet on body composition. A comparison with intravenous nutrition.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  111998     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Measurements of changes in body fat, protein, and water were carried out on two comparable groups of 14 ill surgical patients each over 2-wk period during which one group received an elemental diet (nonprotein energy source was 67% carbohydrate and 33% fat) and the other a course of intravenous nutrition (nonprotein energy source was 100% carbohydrate). The patients fed with the elemental diet had no significant changes in body weight, fat, protein, water, or plasma proteins over the study period, and although the patients fed intravenously also had no changes in body protein or plasma proteins, there was an average gain of 3.2 kg of body weight. This weight gain was mainly extracellular water. It is concluded that the administration of the elemental diet by continuous infusion was comparable to intravenous nutrition in maintaining body protein in these very ill patients and had the advantage of being cheaper and easier to manage. The problem of extracellular water accumulation seen in the patients fed intravenously was not present in the patients who received the elemental diet.
C K Yeung; R C Smith; G L Hill
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Gastroenterology     Volume:  77     ISSN:  0016-5085     ISO Abbreviation:  Gastroenterology     Publication Date:  1979 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1979-10-26     Completed Date:  1979-10-26     Revised Date:  2005-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0374630     Medline TA:  Gastroenterology     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  652-7     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Body Composition*
Body Water / metabolism
Body Weight
Energy Intake
Food, Formulated*
Lipid Metabolism
Middle Aged
Parenteral Nutrition*
Potassium / metabolism
Proteins / metabolism
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Proteins; 7440-09-7/Potassium

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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