Document Detail


Effect of electric toothbrushes versus manual toothbrushes on removal of plaque and periodontal status during orthodontic treatment.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9155807     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This study compared the effectiveness of three different types of electric toothbrushes, i.e., Interplak, Philips, and Rotadent, with a manual multitufted toothbrush (Blend-a-Med), in removing supragingival plaque and in preventing the development of gingivitis in adolescent patients with fixed orthodontic appliances. A single blind, cross-over, clinical trial was carried out in 36 adolescent patients, randomly divided into four equal groups. Every group tested each type of toothbrush, in a different sequence. Plaque and gingival scores were recorded at baseline and after 1 and 2 months of the test period. All patients received a professional prophylaxis after each clinical evaluation, except during the test period. The analysis of the data was performed with the nonparametric Friedman test. The results demonstrated, in essence, for all parameters that the manual toothbrush was the most effective. Of the three electric toothbrushes tested, the Philips toothbrush seemed to give slightly better results than the Interplak toothbrush, whereas Rotadent very clearly gave results inferior to all others. Personal preference on the four toothbrushes used revealed that the group as a whole least preferred a manual brush. However, the answers on the questionnaire did not always show a logical consistency. Therefore it should be interpreted with some caution.
Authors:
L M Trimpeneers; I A Wijgaerts; N A Grognard; L R Dermaut; P A Adriaens
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics : official publication of the American Association of Orthodontists, its constituent societies, and the American Board of Orthodontics     Volume:  111     ISSN:  0889-5406     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop     Publication Date:  1997 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-06-10     Completed Date:  1997-06-10     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8610224     Medline TA:  Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  492-7     Citation Subset:  D; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Orthodontics, University of Gent, Belgium.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Child
Cross-Over Studies
Dental Plaque / therapy*
Dental Plaque Index
Dental Prophylaxis
Equipment Design
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Gingival Hemorrhage / prevention & control
Gingivitis / prevention & control*
Humans
Male
Orthodontic Appliances*
Patient Satisfaction
Periodontal Index
Single-Blind Method
Toothbrushing / instrumentation*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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