Document Detail

Effect of early skin-to-skin contact on mother-preterm infant interaction through 18 months: randomized controlled trial.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19361802     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth often negatively influences mother-infant interaction. Skin-to-skin contact postbirth has positive effects on maternal feelings toward their preterm infants and on infant development and family interaction. However, little is known about the long-term effects of skin-to-skin contact on mother-late preterm infant interaction when skin-to-skin contact was experienced early postbirth and intermittently throughout the next five days.
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this report was to examine the effect of skin-to-skin contact on mother-late preterm infant interaction through 18 months.
DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial with follow-up.
SETTING: Two hospitals in the United States of America.
PARTICIPANTS: 100 mothers and their late preterm infants, 32 to <37 weeks' gestation, were recruited. Mother-preterm infant interactions were assessed in 69, 70, and 76 dyads at 6, 12, and 18 months.
METHODS: Mothers and their preterm infants were videotaped during a feeding session at 6 and 12 months, and a teaching session at 6, 12, and 18 months. Their interactions were then scored using the Nursing Child Assessment Satellite Feeding Scale and Teaching Scale.
RESULTS: Skin-to-skin contact and control dyads had comparable feeding scores at 6 and 12 months. Skin-to-skin contact infants had lower infant teaching scores at six months, a difference that disappeared thereafter.
CONCLUSIONS: These inconclusive results call for additional studies with larger doses of skin-to-skin contact, larger sample sizes, and other outcome measures of mother-late preterm infant interactions. Such measures include the Parent-Child Early Relational Assessment and behavioral coding during play.
Sheau-Huey Chiu; Gene Cranston Anderson
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural     Date:  2009-04-10
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of nursing studies     Volume:  46     ISSN:  1873-491X     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Nurs Stud     Publication Date:  2009 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-07-27     Completed Date:  2009-10-22     Revised Date:  2013-06-02    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0400675     Medline TA:  Int J Nurs Stud     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1168-80     Citation Subset:  IM; N    
College of Nursing, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Infant, Newborn
Mother-Child Relations*
Videotape Recording
Grant Support
2R01 NR02444/NR/NINR NIH HHS; M01 RR000080-350866/RR/NCRR NIH HHS; M01 RR000080-360866/RR/NCRR NIH HHS; M01 RR000080-370866/RR/NCRR NIH HHS; M01 RR000080-380866/RR/NCRR NIH HHS; M01 RR000080-390866/RR/NCRR NIH HHS; M01 RR000080-400866/RR/NCRR NIH HHS; M01 RR000080-410866/RR/NCRR NIH HHS; M01 RR00080-36/RR/NCRR NIH HHS; R01 NR002444-07/NR/NINR NIH HHS

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