Document Detail

Effect of early, short-term supplementation on weight and linear growth of 4-7-mo-old infants in developing countries: a four-country randomized trial.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8839497     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The effect of supplementation on growth was tested by means of four similar controlled randomized trials in the Congo (n = 120), Senegal (n = 110), Bolivia (n = 127), and New Caledonia (n = 90). Four-month-old infants were randomly allocated to supplement or control groups. A cereal-based precooked porridge was offered twice daily for 3 mo and consumption was monitored. Both groups were free to eat local food. At 7 mo of age, all infants were still breast-fed in the Congo, Senegal, and Bolivia compared with 47% in New Caledonia. Mean daily consumption of the supplement varied among countries (558-790 kJ/d). Mean length at 4 mo was lowest in Bolivia, higher in Senegal and the Congo, and near the National Center for Health Statistics reference in New Caledonia. The mean 4-7 mo length increment was 0.48 cm higher for supplemented than for control infants in Senegal (P < 0.05), whereas weight increments did not differ. No significant effect was found in the other countries.
Findings from this study of the link between nutritional supplementation during breast feeding and infant growth disagree with earlier studies. The effect of nutritional supplementation on growth in length was only modest, but significant only in Senegal and not significant in the Congo, Bolivia, and New Caledonia. It is hypothesized that food supplementation during the 4-7 month period would have a positive effect on linear growth. This study included four controlled randomized trials among 120 infants in the Congo, 110 infants in Senegal, 127 infants in Bolivia, and 90 infants in New Caledonia. The infants were 4 months old when placed in the supplement or control groups. Supplementation included the addition of a cereal-based precooked porridge twice daily for 3 months. Both groups continued to eat local foods. Breast feeding patterns were different in New Caledonia, where only 47% of infants were still breast fed at 7 months of age. Mean daily supplementation varied among countries, from 558 to 790 kJ/day. Mean length was lowest in Bolivia, higher in Senegal and the Congo, and close to the US National Center for Health Statistics reference measures in New Caledonia. The study was conducted in rural parts of Senegal and New Caledonia and periurban parts of Bolivia and the Congo. Supplementation was supervised by field workers. The samples included infants with a length-for-age score of -2.5 or higher and a weight-for-length Z score of -2 or higher at 4 months. Anthropometric measurements were taken at 4 months and 4, 8, and 13 weeks later (at 4.9, 5.8, and 7.0 months of age). 24-hour food recalls were collected monthly for consumption of breast milk, special local infant food, commercial "western" baby food, milk substitutes, family food, water, and other than milk liquids.
K B Simondon; A Gartner; J Berger; A Cornu; J P Massamba; J L San Miguel; C Ly; I Missotte; F Simondon; P Traissac; F Delpeuch; B Maire
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of clinical nutrition     Volume:  64     ISSN:  0002-9165     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Clin. Nutr.     Publication Date:  1996 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1996-11-07     Completed Date:  1996-11-07     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376027     Medline TA:  Am J Clin Nutr     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  537-45     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM; J    
ORSTOM, Institut Français de Recherche Scientifique pour le Développement en Coopération, Montpellier, France.
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MeSH Terms
Body Height / physiology
Breast Feeding
Developing Countries*
Food, Fortified
Infant Food*
Infant Nutritional Physiological Phenomena*
New Caledonia
Weight Gain / physiology

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