Document Detail

Effect of an early intervention programme on low birthweight infants with cerebral injuries.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15569286     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of an early intervention programme (EIP) on low birthweight infants with cerebral injuries. METHODS: Subjects were 23 high-risk low birthweight infants (periventricular leukomalacia 15, intraventricular haemorrhage 5, both 3) receiving care in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) at Nagasaki University Hospital. Subjects were randomly assigned to the EIP group (n = 12) or the control group (n = 11). Participants in the EIP group received a Neonatal Behavioral Assessment scale (NBAS)-based intervention combined with developmental support designed to enhance the infants' development and the quality of the parent-infant relationship. The control group received routine medical nursing care without the EIP. The EIP began prior to discharge from the NICU and lasted until 6 months of corrected age. All children were examined on the NBAS preintervention and again at 44 weeks postconceptional age. Maternal anxiety status (STAI) and maternal feelings of confidence in dealing with her baby (LCC) were measured pre and postintervention. Mental and motor development was assessed postintervention using the Bayley Scale of Infant Development. RESULTS: Orientation and State Regulation of infant behavioural profiles, the STAI and LCC scores significantly improved in the EIP group (mean difference (95% CI): Orientation 0.7 (0.4, 1.1), State Regulation 0.9 (0.3, 1.5), STAI -5.5 (- 9.1, -1.9, LCC 5.3 (4.2, 6.5)), but not in the control group. Bayley mental developmental index (MDI) score in the EIP group was higher than in the control group, but there was no significant difference between the two groups (mean difference (95% CI): MDI 8.5 (- 0.8, 17.8), PDI 6.7 (- 1.9, 15.4)). CONCLUSION: The EIP has beneficial effects on neonatal neurobehavioural development and maternal mental health of low birthweight infants with cerebral injuries. This evidence suggests that short-term changes in maternal mental health and infant neurobehaviour promoted by an EIP may serve to initiate a positive interaction between parents and infants.
S Ohgi; M Fukuda; T Akiyama; H Gima
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of paediatrics and child health     Volume:  40     ISSN:  1034-4810     ISO Abbreviation:  J Paediatr Child Health     Publication Date:  2004 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-11-30     Completed Date:  2005-05-19     Revised Date:  2007-09-24    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9005421     Medline TA:  J Paediatr Child Health     Country:  Australia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  689-95     Citation Subset:  IM    
School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Seirei Christopher College, Shizuoka, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Apgar Score
Brain Injuries / physiopathology,  prevention & control*
Child Development
Gestational Age
Health Promotion / methods*
Infant, Low Birth Weight*
Infant, Newborn
Intensive Care Units, Neonatal
Treatment Outcome

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