Document Detail


Effect of different inspiratory maneuvers on FEV1 in patients with cystic fibrosis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8797405     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The time course of inspiration has been shown to have a significant influence on the subsequent maximal expiratory flows and timed forced expiratory volumes in healthy adults and those with COPD. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of two different inspiratory maneuvers on the spirogram in 15 patients with cystic fibrosis, aged 13 to 35 years, who had mild to moderate airway obstruction. Patients performed a forced expiratory maneuver either after a rapid inspiration without an end-inspiratory pause or after a slow inspiration with a 4-s end-inspiratory pause. Flow-time and volume-time curves were measured by a pneumotachograph. The mean values of FVC, FEV1, and peak expiratory flow were significantly larger by 11%, 13%, and 26%, respectively, after the rapid inspiration without an end-inspiratory pause compared to the slow inspiration with the end-inspiratory pause. This discrepancy probably reflects differences in effective elastic recoil pressure between the two maneuvers. Although the nature of this phenomenon is not fully understood, our results show that for spirometry in patients with cystic fibrosis, the preceding inspiratory maneuver influences the results. An important corollary is that this inspiratory maneuver should be standardized.
Authors:
C Braggion; U Pradal; G Mastella; A L Coates; J Milic-Emili
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Chest     Volume:  110     ISSN:  0012-3692     ISO Abbreviation:  Chest     Publication Date:  1996 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1996-10-17     Completed Date:  1996-10-17     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0231335     Medline TA:  Chest     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  642-7     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Cystic Fibrosis Center, Ospedale Civile Maggiore, Verona, Italy.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Anthropometry
Cystic Fibrosis / physiopathology*
Female
Forced Expiratory Volume
Humans
Linear Models
Male
Respiratory Function Tests*
Spirometry
Total Lung Capacity

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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