Document Detail

Effect of different frequencies of preventive maintenance treatment on dental caries: five-year observations in general dentistry patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15841817     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
A long-term study in adults at a public dental clinic in Sweden was initiated to evaluate the relative effectiveness of prophylactic treatments on the progression of dental caries and periodontal discase. With treatments scheduled every 3rd, 6th, 12th or 18th month, this report presents results on caries for the 3-month, 6-month and 18-month groups, and evaluates the impact of various caries-related risk factors. Caries increment over approximately 5 years was determined by adding clinical and radiographic findings of manifest primary and secondary caries during the study. Overall caries activity among all 105 participating individuals was low to moderate. No significant differences for caries on any of the various tooth surfaces or for total caries were observed among the three groups. Multiple regression analysis with 5-year caries increment as dependent variable showed that the following factors had a statistically significant association with caries increment: percentage filled surfaces at baseline examination, dietary score, plaque score, and number of mutans streptococci and lactobacilli in saliva. Non-significant factors included number of preventive treatments provided during the 5-year interval. The results of this long-term trial suggest that preventive treatments as often as every 3 6 months may not be justified in the case of patients with low to moderate caries activity.
Birgitta Rosén; Göran Olavi; Dowen Birkhed; Stig Edvardsson; Jan Egelberg
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Controlled Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta odontologica Scandinavica     Volume:  62     ISSN:  0001-6357     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Odontol. Scand.     Publication Date:  2004 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-04-21     Completed Date:  2005-05-02     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370344     Medline TA:  Acta Odontol Scand     Country:  Norway    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  282-8     Citation Subset:  D; IM    
Dental Services, County of Skåne, Sweden.
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MeSH Terms
DMF Index
Dental Caries / etiology,  prevention & control*
Dental Plaque / complications
Dental Prophylaxis / utilization*
Diet, Cariogenic
Longitudinal Studies
Middle Aged
Periodontal Index
Regression Analysis
Saliva / microbiology
Statistics, Nonparametric
Time Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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