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Effect of dietary propionate on intake patterns and fatty acid composition of adipose tissues in lambs.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11259873     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The aim of the present trial was to study the effect of dietary propionate supplementation on growth performance, intake patterns and on the proportion of odd-numbered and methyl-branched chain fatty acids in internal or in subcutaneous adipose tissues. These fatty acids are responsible, in part, for abnormally soft subcutaneous adipose tissue. Eleven male lambs were fed ad libitum carbohydrate-rich diets based mainly on barley, supplemented (P diet) or not supplemented (C diet) with 5.6% DM of sodium propionate. During the trial, the intake patterns were recorded on three non-consecutive days over a 9h-period. The fatty acid compositions of four adipose tissue sites, two subcutaneous (dorsal, caudal) and two internal (omental, perirenal) were analysed. The ME intake (3.32+/-0.44Mcal per day) and average daily gain (316+/-64g per day) were not different (P>0.10) between the C and P treatments. The intake patterns of these lambs given ad libitum access to feed did not show any large meal even after the morning distribution of feed. No differences in intake patterns were observed between the two diets. The dietary propionate supplementation increased (P<0.05) the proportion of odd-numbered fatty acids (Odd FA) in both internal (increase of 0.7wt.% of total fatty acids) and subcutaneous adipose tissues (increase of 1.7% of total fatty acids). The effect of dietary propionate supplementation on branched-chain fatty acids was less conclusive although it tended to increase (P=0.09) the proportion of branched-chain fatty acids other than the iso and anteiso fatty acids (BCFAO) in dorsal adipose tissue. This experiment confirms the role of propionate as an important precursor of odd-numbered and methyl-branched chain fatty acids. Moreover, the dorsal adipose tissue seems to be the most sensitive adipose tissue to dietary increment in ruminal propionate content. A positive relationship between the mean ME intake rate measured over 8.5h and the proportions of Odd FA and BCFA in dorsal adipose tissue was shown. However, it does not appear to play a predominant role in the explanation of the individual variability in dorsal fatty acid composition.
Authors:
V Berthelot; P Bas; P Schmidely; C Duvaux-Ponter
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Small ruminant research : the journal of the International Goat Association     Volume:  40     ISSN:  -     ISO Abbreviation:  Small Rumin. Res.     Publication Date:  2001 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-Mar-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9885624     Medline TA:  Small Rumin Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  29-39     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
UMR INRA/INA P-G, Physiologie de la Nutrition et Alimentation, 16 rue Claude Bernard, 75231 Cedex 05, Paris, France
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