Document Detail


Effect of dietary fatty acid pattern on growth, body fat composition and antioxidant parameters in broilers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18477319     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The effects of dietary fat supplementation on performance, fatty acid (FA) composition of tissues and antioxidant defence system of broilers were studied. Male broilers were placed in 20 floor pens (60 broilers per pen). The broilers were fed by diets with added different energy sources: lard (L); sunflower oil (SFO); soybean oil (SBO); and linseed oil (LSO). The treatments did not modify significantly growth performance and feed intake of the broilers. There was no effect of dietary FA pattern on reduced glutathione level and glutathione peroxidase activity of plasma, erythrocyte and liver samples. However, higher PUFA content of the diet resulted in a significant increase in malondialdehyde level of erythrocytes and liver. The broilers fed LSO diet more effectively maintained their antioxidant status with enhanced plasma radical scavenger capacity. FA composition in tissues reflected the FA pattern of the diets, although proportion of FAs with four or more double bonds was metabolic specific. LSO diet increased the level of C18:3, C20:5 and C22:6 in tissue lipids in relation to L, SFO and SBO diets. Significantly increased plasma radical scavenging capacity in concert with the enhanced C20:5 and C22:6 proportion in liver and muscle during LSO feeding indicate metabolic changes to counteract the oxidative injury. This may be related to the compounds produced after different biochemical pathways of n-6 and n-3 FAs.
Authors:
H Fébel; M Mézes; T Pálfy; A Hermán; J Gundel; A Lugasi; K Balogh; I Kocsis; A Blázovics
Related Documents :
12908899 - Dietary docosahexaenoic acid-induced production of tissue lipid peroxides is not suppre...
10356759 - Effect of dietary fish oil (active epa-30) on liver phospholipids in young and aged rats.
10539789 - Docosahexaenoic and arachidonic acid prevent a decrease in dopaminergic and serotoniner...
10680589 - Proliferation of colonic lymphocytes in response to inflammatory cytokines is lower in ...
15270839 - The ratio of n-6 to n-3 fatty acids in maternal diet influences the induction of neonat...
15940119 - Diet as a risk factor for atopy and asthma.
230919 - Determination of cholesterol and phospholipid concentrations in high-density lipoprotei...
25473629 - Effect of metformin and flutamide on anthropometric indices and laboratory tests in obe...
20538139 - Relation of echocardiographic epicardial fat thickness and myocardial fat.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of animal physiology and animal nutrition     Volume:  92     ISSN:  1439-0396     ISO Abbreviation:  J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr (Berl)     Publication Date:  2008 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-05-14     Completed Date:  2008-07-25     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101126979     Medline TA:  J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr (Berl)     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  369-76     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Research Institute for Animal Breeding and Nutrition, Herceghalom, Hungary. hedvig.febel@atk.hu
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adipose Tissue / metabolism
Animal Feed
Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
Animals
Antioxidants / metabolism*
Body Composition / drug effects*,  physiology
Chickens / growth & development*
Dietary Fats / administration & dosage*,  pharmacology
Dietary Fats, Unsaturated / administration & dosage*,  pharmacology
Energy Intake
Fatty Acids / analysis,  metabolism*
Linseed Oil / administration & dosage
Male
Plant Oils / administration & dosage
Random Allocation
Soybean Oil / administration & dosage
Tissue Distribution
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Antioxidants; 0/Dietary Fats; 0/Dietary Fats, Unsaturated; 0/Fatty Acids; 0/Plant Oils; 8001-21-6/sunflower seed oil; 8001-22-7/Soybean Oil; 8001-26-1/Linseed Oil

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Protein requirements for Blue-fronted Amazon (Amazona aestiva) growth.
Next Document:  Mycobiota and aflatoxins in raw materials and pet food in Brazil.