Document Detail


Effect of dietary dried oregano leaves on growth performance, carcase characteristics and serum cholesterol of female early maturing turkeys.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16359114     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
1. A study was conducted with 120 female early maturing turkeys to test the effect of dietary dried oregano leaves (Origanum vulgare subsp. hirtum) on body weight (BW), feed intake (FI), feed conversion efficiency (FCE), carcase characteristics and serum cholesterol concentration. Dried oregano leaves had a content of 3.6 ml essential oils/100 g, while the carvacrol content was 855 g/kg of the total essential oils. 2. From 1 to 84 d of age, the turkeys were fed on 4 diets varying in oregano content (OR0, no oregano--control; OR45, 1.25 g oregano/kg; OR90, 2.5 g oregano/kg; OR135, 3.75 g oregano/kg). Birds were given feed and water ad libitum. 3. BW was unaffected by oregano throughout the experiment. FI and FCE were similar among all treatments until 42 d of age. From 43 to 84 d of age and for the overall experimental period, FI decreased linearly in treatment OR135 and FCE increased linearly with dietary oregano content. Body and carcase weights, carcase yield, and the relative weights of the heart and liver were not significantly affected by oregano content. The relative weights of the gizzard and small intestine decreased linearly with oregano content. Serum cholesterol content was similar among all treatments. 4. In the present study, dietary oregano (1.25, 2.5 and 3.75 g/kg) improved FCE in female early maturing turkeys between 43 and 84 d, with the lowest oregano inclusion (1.25 g/kg) giving the most cost effective diet. Thus, dried oregano leaves may be used as a natural herbal growth promoter for early maturing turkeys.
Authors:
V A Bampidis; V Christodoulou; P Florou-Paneri; E Christaki; P S Chatzopoulou; T Tsiligianni; A B Spais
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Controlled Clinical Trial; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  British poultry science     Volume:  46     ISSN:  0007-1668     ISO Abbreviation:  Br. Poult. Sci.     Publication Date:  2005 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-12-19     Completed Date:  2006-01-25     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  15740290R     Medline TA:  Br Poult Sci     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  595-601     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Animal Research Institute, National Agricultural Research Foundation, Giannitsa, Greece. babidis.arig@nagref.gr
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animal Feed
Animals
Cholesterol / blood*
Diet
Dietary Supplements
Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
Feeding Behavior / drug effects
Female
Origanum / chemistry*
Plant Leaves / chemistry*
Plant Preparations / chemistry,  pharmacology*
Sexual Maturation / drug effects
Turkeys / blood*,  growth & development*,  physiology
Weight Gain / drug effects
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Plant Preparations; 57-88-5/Cholesterol

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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