Document Detail

Effect of the degree of LAD stenosis on "competitive flow" and flow field characteristics in LIMA-to-LAD bypass surgery.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22707228     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
The long-term patency of the left internal mammary artery (LIMA) in left anterior descending (LAD) coronary stenosis bypass surgery is believed to be related to the degree of competitive flow between the LAD and LIMA. To investigate the effect of the LAD stenosis severity on this phenomenon and on haemodynamics in the LIMA and anastomosis region, a numerical LIMA-LAD model was developed based on 3D geometric (obtained from a cast) and hemodynamic data from an experimental pig study. Proximal LAD pressure was used as upstream boundary condition. The model counted 13 outlets (12 septal arteries and the distal LAD) where flow velocities were imposed in systole, while myocardial conductance was imposed in diastole via an implicit scheme. LAD stenoses of 100 (total occlusion), 90, 75 and 0 % area reduction were constructed. Low degree of LAD stenosis was associated with highly competitive flow and low wall shear stress (WSS) in the LIMA, an unfavourable hemodynamic regime which might contribute to WSS-related remodelling of the LIMA and suboptimal long-term LIMA bypass performance.
Abigail Swillens; Marloes De Witte; Håvard Nordgaard; Lasse Løvstakken; Denis Van Loo; Bram Trachet; Jan Vierendeels; Patrick Segers
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-6-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medical & biological engineering & computing     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1741-0444     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-6-18     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7704869     Medline TA:  Med Biol Eng Comput     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
IBiTech-BioMMeda, Ghent University, De Pintelaan 185, Blok B, 9000, Ghent, Belgium.
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