Document Detail


Effect of decreased blood flow and ischemia on myocardial thallium clearance.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6693646     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
To determine the effect of reduced coronary blood flow on myocardial thallium-201 clearance over a range of flows, miniature radiation detectors were inserted into the left ventricular apex and positioned against the anterior and posterior endocardial walls in 21 dogs. Thallium was administered intravenously and myocardial tracer activity was monitored continuously for 1 hour in both walls. A balloon occluder was then partially inflated around the left anterior descending coronary artery in 19 dogs, producing a range of anterior wall blood flow reductions as assessed by the microsphere technique. Thallium activity was monitored continuously for 3 hours in both walls. Two dogs served as control animals and had no coronary artery occlusion at 1 hour. At the end of the 4 hour experiment, the dogs were sacrificed and the hearts counted in a well counter. The 19 dogs with coronary artery stenosis were divided into three groups (mild, moderate and severe flow reduction groups) on the basis of their poststenosis anterior/posterior wall regional myocardial blood flow ratios. The two control dogs had similar thallium clearances in the anterior and posterior left ventricular walls during the 3 hour period, as assessed by the radiation detectors, and by a final anterior/posterior wall thallium ratio near unity. All three groups of dogs with coronary stenosis had comparable fractional thallium clearances from the anterior and posterior walls before and after the balloon occluder inflation. The final anterior/posterior left ventricular wall thallium ratios were not significantly different than unity for all three groups of dogs.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Authors:
R D Okada; G M Pohost
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American College of Cardiology     Volume:  3     ISSN:  0735-1097     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Am. Coll. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  1984 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1984-03-23     Completed Date:  1984-03-23     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8301365     Medline TA:  J Am Coll Cardiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  744-50     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Constriction, Pathologic
Coronary Circulation*
Coronary Disease / physiopathology*
Coronary Vessels / pathology
Dogs
Electrocardiography
Hemodynamics
Myocardium / metabolism*,  pathology
Radioisotopes / diagnostic use*
Thallium / diagnostic use*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
HL-21751/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS; HL-26215/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Radioisotopes; 7440-28-0/Thallium

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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