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Effect of d-Psicose Used as Sucrose Replacer on the Characteristics of Meringue.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25388824     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Excessive intake of sugar-rich foods leads to metabolic syndrome. d-Psicose (Psi) not commonly found in nature, is noncalorie sweetener with a suppressive effect on the blood glucose level. Thus, Psi has the potential to be utilized as a sucrose (Suc) replacer in sugar-rich foods, including meringue-based confectionery (MBC). In this study, we investigated the effect of Psi on the physical and chemical properties of meringue. Meringue was made by whipping egg white and Suc (at a weight ratio of 1:1) and baking at 93 °C for 2 h. Thirty percent of the total weight of Suc was replaced with d-ketohexoses such as Psi, d-fructose, d-tagatose, and d-sorbose. The meringues containing d-ketohexoses had higher specific volume than the meringue not containing d-ketohexoses (Ct-meringue). Baking of meringue caused differences between Psi and the other d-ketohexose meringues. Meringue containing Psi (P30-meringue) had the highest breaking stress (7.00 × 10(5) N/m(2) ) and breaking strain (4.40%), resulting in the crunchiest texture. In addition, P30-meringue also had the highest antioxidant activity (491.84 μM TE/mg-meringue determined by ABTS method) and was the brownest due to a Maillard reaction occurring during baking. The replacement of Suc with Psi improved the characteristics of baked meringue. Thus, Psi was found to be useful in modifying the physical and chemical properties of MBC.
Authors:
Siwaporn O'Charoen; Shigeru Hayakawa; Yoshiki Matsumoto; Masahiro Ogawa
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-11-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of food science     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1750-3841     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Food Sci.     Publication Date:  2014 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-11-12     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  2014-11-13    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0014052     Medline TA:  J Food Sci     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2014 Institute of Food Technologists®
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