Document Detail


Effect of continuous passive motion (machine-assisted) exercise as an alternative form of training on physiological profiles of women aged 40-65 years.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16095418     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of 16 weeks of continuous passive motion (CPM) or machine-assisted exercise as an alternative form of training on body composition, muscle strength, and flexibility in women aged 40-65 years. Thirty-one exercisers and 8 controls completed 16 weeks of training, with the exercisers averaging 3 sessions per week. Six toning tables targeted different muscle groups by moving the body and/or limbs while subjects attempted to resist the movements. Body composition was assessed by individual measures (dual energy x-ray absorptiometry, hydrodensitometry, and bioelectric impedance) and a 4-compartment model, flexibility was assessed by a Leighton flexometer and the sit and reach procedure, and strength was measured by standard 1 repetition maximum procedures before training began, after 5 weeks of training, and after 16 weeks of training. When the 2 groups were compared after week 5 and week 16 of training, few significant (p < 0.05) group by trial differences were noted; however, these differences were minimal and represented little or no practical significance (very low effect sizes). In conclusion, CPM training did not appear to provide a sufficient stimulus to significantly alter measures of strength, flexibility, or body composition in women aged 40-65 years.
Authors:
Susan B White; Debra A Bemben; Allen W Knehans; Michael G Bemben
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of strength and conditioning research / National Strength & Conditioning Association     Volume:  19     ISSN:  1064-8011     ISO Abbreviation:  J Strength Cond Res     Publication Date:  2005 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-08-12     Completed Date:  2005-10-20     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9415084     Medline TA:  J Strength Cond Res     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  634-9     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Affiliation:
University of Oklahoma Neuromuscular Research Laboratory, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Absorptiometry, Photon
Adult
Aged
Analysis of Variance
Body Composition / physiology*
Case-Control Studies
Electric Impedance
Exercise / physiology*
Female
Humans
Middle Aged
Muscle, Skeletal / physiology*
Physical Education and Training / methods*
Pliability
Skinfold Thickness
Treatment Outcome
United States

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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