Document Detail


Effect of combined blockade of beta-adrenoceptors and acetylcholinesterase in the treatment of postoperative ileus after cholecystectomy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3299678     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The effect of treatment with a non-selective beta-adrenoceptor blocker (propranolol) and an acetylcholinesterase blocker (neostigmine) on the duration of postoperative ileus after cholecystectomy was investigated in a double-blind, randomized study comprising 51 patients. Propranolol (P), 10 mg intravenously twice daily was, together with neostigmine (N), 0.5 mg subcutaneously twice daily, administered to 16 patients. Eighteen patients were treated with neostigmine, 0.5 mg subcutaneously twice daily only, and 17 patients were placebo-treated controls (C). The medical treatment started in the evening of the day of operation. The time to first passage of stool after operation was determined and used as a measure of duration of the postoperative ileus. The mean time was 68 +/- 6 h in the P + N-treated group, 82 +/- 6 h in the N group, and 90 +/- 7 h in the C group. The difference between the P + N group and controls was significant (p less than 0.01). P + N was effective in patients older than 60 years (p less than 0.01), whereas no effect was seen in patients younger than 60 years. In conclusion, treatment with a combination of propranolol and neostigmine shortened the duration of postoperative paralytic ileus after cholecystectomy. This effect was not seen after treatment with neostigmine only. The effect of P + N was most marked in patients older than 60 years.
Authors:
B Hallerbäck; S Ander; H Glise
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Scandinavian journal of gastroenterology     Volume:  22     ISSN:  0036-5521     ISO Abbreviation:  Scand. J. Gastroenterol.     Publication Date:  1987 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1987-08-11     Completed Date:  1987-08-11     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0060105     Medline TA:  Scand J Gastroenterol     Country:  NORWAY    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  420-4     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Cholecystectomy / adverse effects*
Clinical Trials as Topic
Double-Blind Method
Drug Therapy, Combination
Humans
Intestinal Obstruction / drug therapy*,  etiology
Middle Aged
Neostigmine / therapeutic use*
Propranolol / therapeutic use*
Random Allocation
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
525-66-6/Propranolol; 59-99-4/Neostigmine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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