Document Detail


Effect of clinoptilolite on performance of broiler chickens during experimental aflatoxicosis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11225564     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
1. The amelioration of aflatoxicosis in broiler chickens was examined by feeding 2 concentrations of natural zeolite (clinoptilolite). Clinoptilolite (CLI), incorporated into the diet at 15 and 25 g/kg, was evaluated for its ability to reduce the deleterious effects of 2.5 mg total aflatoxin (AF; 76.40% AFB1, 16.12% AFB2, 6.01% AFG1 and 1.47% AFG in diet on growing broiler chicks from 1 to 21 d of age. A total of 360 broiler chicks were divided into 6 treatment groups (6 replicates of 10 broilers each): control, AF, CLI (15 g/kg), AF plus CLI (15 g/kg), CLI (25 g/kg), and AF plus CLI (25 g/kg). 2. Compared to controls, the treatment had significantly decreased body weight gain from week 1 onwards. The adverse effect of AF on food consumption (8.0%) and food conversion ratio (8.3%) was also shown over the entire 21-d feeding period. 3. The addition of CLI (15 g/kg) to an AF-containing diet significantly reduced the deleterious effects of AF on food consumption and body weight gain. Food conversion ratio was also slightly improved by adding CLI (15 g/kg) to AF-containing diets. Food consumption, body weight gain and food conversion ratio values were rendered numerically intermediate between AF and control groups by the addition of CLI (25 g/kg) to the AF-containing diet. 4. The addition of CLI (both 15 and 25 g/kg) to the AF-free diet did not produce any significant changes compared with the controls, except for decreased total food consumption in the CLI (25 g/kg)-alone group. 5. These results suggest that CLI (15 g/kg) addition effectively diminished the detrimental effects of AF on the values investigated. Also, the lower dietary concentration of CLI (15 g/kg) was more effective than the greater concentration against the adverse effects of AF on the variables investigated in this study.
Authors:
H Oğuz; V Kurtoğlu
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  British poultry science     Volume:  41     ISSN:  0007-1668     ISO Abbreviation:  Br. Poult. Sci.     Publication Date:  2000 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-12-20     Completed Date:  2001-03-01     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  15740290R     Medline TA:  Br Poult Sci     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  512-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Departments of Phaarmacology and Toxicology University of Selçuk, Konya, Turkey.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aflatoxins / toxicity*
Animal Feed / toxicity
Animals
Body Weight
Chickens / growth & development,  physiology*
Female
Male
Random Allocation
Weight Gain
Zeolites / administration & dosage*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Aflatoxins; 12173-10-3/clinoptilolite; 1318-02-1/Zeolites

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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