Document Detail


Effect of cigarette smoking on copper, lead, and cadmium accumulation in human lens.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9613387     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
AIM: To identify cigarette smoking as a risk factor for development of cataract, to determine the importance of copper, lead, and cadmium in cataractogenesis, and to learn about any relation between those elements. METHODS: Copper, lead, and cadmium concentrations were measured by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in 37 cataractous and nine normal human lenses. RESULTS: All three element accumulations in lenses with cataract were statistically meaningful. Lenticular copper, lead, and cadmium were increased significantly with cigarette smoking. Cadmium had a positive correlation both with lead and copper in cataractous lenses. CONCLUSION: The accumulation of copper, lead, and cadmium occurs in cataract. The probable source of cadmium in humans is cigarettes. Lenticular cadmium accumulation also increases copper and lead precipitation in the lens. Cigarette smoking might be cataractogenic.
Authors:
O Cekic
Related Documents :
17962447 - Prevalence of glaucoma in a south brazilian population: projeto glaucoma.
15767067 - Pterygium/pinguecula and the five-year incidence of age-related maculopathy.
19796757 - The association of smoking and alcohol use with age-related macular degeneration in the...
23874547 - Interleukin-13 -1112 c/t promoter polymorphism confers risk for copd: a meta-analysis.
12471197 - Risk assessment and management of high risk familial breast cancer.
22081617 - Central obesity predicts non-hodgkin's lymphoma mortality and overall obesity predicts ...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The British journal of ophthalmology     Volume:  82     ISSN:  0007-1161     ISO Abbreviation:  Br J Ophthalmol     Publication Date:  1998 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-06-11     Completed Date:  1998-06-11     Revised Date:  2009-11-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0421041     Medline TA:  Br J Ophthalmol     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  186-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Ophthalmology, University of Ankara Medical School, Turkey.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aged
Cadmium / analysis*
Case-Control Studies
Cataract / etiology*
Copper / analysis*
Female
Humans
Lead / analysis*
Lens, Crystalline / chemistry*
Male
Middle Aged
Risk Factors
Smoking / adverse effects*
Spectrophotometry, Atomic
Statistics, Nonparametric
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
7439-92-1/Lead; 7440-43-9/Cadmium; 7440-50-8/Copper
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Platelet derived growth factor and fibroblast growth factor basic levels in the vitreous of patients...
Next Document:  A report by the British Orthopaedic Association/British Association of Plastic Surgeons Working Part...