Document Detail

Effect of cigarette smoke and whiskey on the color stability of dental composites.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20437719     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of cigarette smoke and whiskey on the color stability of resin composites. METHODS: Disk-shaped specimens (8 mm x 1 mm) were prepared with five composites in two different shades (n=10). After light-curing, the specimens were stored in dark containers with artificial saliva at 37 degrees C for 24 hours. Baseline color was measured by CIEL*a*b* using a colorimeter (Easy-Shade, VITA). Half of the specimens were subjected to a discoloration process in a cigarette smoking machine (SM) and the other half to an immersion in whiskey (WH) for 24 hours. Another color measurement was performed for discolored specimens. The samples subjected to smoking were immersed in whiskey (SM/WH) and those subjected to whiskey immersion were subjected to cigarette smoking (WH/SM) followed by another color measurement. Color changes (delta E*) were calculated and submitted to repeated measures 4-way ANOVA and Tukey tests (P<0.05). RESULTS: The most significant color change was observed after WH/SM (delta E*= 22.8-31.5) discoloration process, followed by SM (delta E*= 7.0-18.0), SM/WH (delta E*= 4.9-16.5) and WH (delta E*= 2.0 to 9.5). Translucent shades were more susceptible to discoloration than enamel shades. All the groups, with the exception of two, showed a significantly high perceptible color change (delta E*>3.3). Based on the results, the color stability of dental composites was affected by the discoloration process and was material and shade dependent.
Mariana de Souza Ara?jo Wasilewski; Marcos Kenzo Takahashi; Giovanna Andraus Kirsten; Evelise Machado de Souza
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of dentistry     Volume:  23     ISSN:  0894-8275     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Dent     Publication Date:  2010 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-05-04     Completed Date:  2010-05-20     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8806701     Medline TA:  Am J Dent     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  4-8     Citation Subset:  D    
School of Dentistry, Post-graduate Program, Pontifical Catholic University of Parana, Curitiba, Parana, Brazil.
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MeSH Terms
Alcoholic Beverages*
Analysis of Variance
Composite Resins*
Statistics, Nonparametric
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Composite Resins

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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