Document Detail


Effect of charcoal-containing cigarette filters on gas phase volatile organic compounds in mainstream cigarette smoke.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18768454     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Of the chemicals identified to date in mainstream cigarette smoke with known toxicological properties, the volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are considered the most hazardous group owing to their high abundance and toxicity. In this research we evaluate a recently introduced line of cigarettes that contain charcoal in their filters. The amount of charcoal in these filters ranged from 45 mg to 180 mg and were either dispersed among the filter material or contained in a small cavity in the filter segment. Charcoal has long been used for removing VOCs from both water and air. Our findings indicate that these cigarettes reduce machine generated mainstream smoke deliveries of a wide range of VOCs compared to a similar, non-charcoal filtered, cigarette. However, this reduction is dependent not only on the amount of charcoal present but also on the volume of smoke being drawn through the filter. While a brand with 45 mg charcoal reduces VOC delivery under ISO smoking conditions, charcoal saturation and breakthrough occur under more intense smoking conditions. Breakthrough is minimised for brands with the most charcoal. Overall, the brands with the most charcoal are effective at reducing VOC deliveries under even intense smoking conditions.
Authors:
G M Polzin; L Zhang; B A Hearn; A D Tavakoli; C Vaughan; Y S Ding; D L Ashley; C H Watson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Tobacco control     Volume:  17 Suppl 1     ISSN:  1468-3318     ISO Abbreviation:  Tob Control     Publication Date:  2008 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-09-04     Completed Date:  2009-02-19     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9209612     Medline TA:  Tob Control     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  i10-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Division of Laboratory Sciences, Emergency Response and Air Toxicants Branch, National Center for Environmental Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia,USA. . GPolzin@cdc.gov
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Charcoal / chemistry*
Consumer Product Safety
Filtration / instrumentation*
Materials Testing / methods
Nicotine / analysis
Smoke / analysis*
Smoking
Tobacco / chemistry*
Volatile Organic Compounds / analysis*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Smoke; 0/Volatile Organic Compounds; 16291-96-6/Charcoal; 54-11-5/Nicotine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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