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Effect of changes in contractility on pressure drop coefficient and fractional flow reserve in a porcine model.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22210582     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES AND BACKGROUND: Decisions based on invasive functional diagnostic measurements are often made in the setting of fluctuating hemodynamic variables that may alter resting or hyperemic measurements. The purpose of this investigation is to analyze the effect of myocardial contractility (CY) on invasive functional parameters. We hypothesize that the pressure drop coefficient (CDPe; ratio of pressure drop to distal dynamic pressure) and fractional flow reserve (FFR; ratio of average pressures distal and proximal to a stenosis) are not affected by fluctuations in CY and can distinguish between different severities of epicardial stenosis.
METHODS: Simultaneous measurements of distal coronary-arterial pressure and velocity were performed in 10 pigs using a dual-sensor tipped guidewire for heart rate (HR) <110 bpm and HR >110 bpm, in the presence of coronary lesions of <50% area stenosis (AS) and >50% AS. Variations in myocardial function and vascular resistance were induced by atrial pacing, papaverine and balloon obstruction, respectively. The maximum rate of rise of left ventricular pressure ([dp/dt]max) was the index of contractility. The contractile function of the heart was empirically defined as CY >900 mm Hg/sec (higher) and CY <900 mm Hg/sec (normal).
RESULTS: For CY >900 mm Hg/sec, under AS <50% and AS >50%, the mean values of FFR (0.91 ± 0.02 and 0.78 ± 0.02), and CDPe (15.6 ± 5.3 and 70.7 ± 24.7) were significantly different (P<.05). Similarly, for CY <900 mm Hg/sec, under AS <50% and AS >50%, the mean values of FFR (0.83 ± 0.04 and 0.63 ± 0.04), and CDPe (43.8 ± 14.9 and 191.8 ± 61.4) were also significantly different (P<.05).
CONCLUSIONS: Both FFR and CDPe could effectively distinguish between stenosis severity at normal and higher levels of myocardial contractility.
Authors:
Kranthi K Kolli; R K Banerjee; Srikara V Peelukhana; M A Effat; M A Leesar; Imran Arif; E W Schneeberger; Paul Succop; W M Gottliebson; Tarek A Helmy
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of invasive cardiology     Volume:  24     ISSN:  1557-2501     ISO Abbreviation:  J Invasive Cardiol     Publication Date:  2012 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-01-02     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8917477     Medline TA:  J Invasive Cardiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  6-12     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
School of Dynamic Systems, Mechanical Engineering Program, 598 Rhodes Hall, PO Box 210072, Cincinnati, OH 45221-0072 USA. Rupak.Banerjee@UC.edu.
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