Document Detail


Effect of beta-carotene, canthaxanthin, lutein, and vitamin E on neonatal immunity of chicks when supplemented in the broiler breeder diets.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8878265     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The study was designed to assess neonatal immunity of chicks hatched from breeders fed diets supplemented with beta-carotene, canthaxanthin, lutein, or vitamin E. Broiler breeder birds were fed experimental diets consisting of control, 0.04% beta-carotene, 0.04% canthaxanthin, 0.04% lutein, 0.03% alpha-tocopherol acetate, or 0.04% beta-carotene plus 0.03% alpha-tocopherol acetate. Three weeks after initiation of experimental feeding, birds were vaccinated against Newcastle disease virus. Chicks hatched from the eggs of these breeders were used to determine the neonatal immune responses. There were no significant differences in weight gain and antibody titers of 3-wk-old chicks. 3H-Thymidine uptake by bursal lymphocytes when stimulated with tetrahydrofuran was significantly higher for the chicks hatched from breeders fed diets supplemented with vitamin E, or vitamin E plus beta-carotene, than in controls. 3H-Thymidine uptake by splenic lymphocytes when stimulated with concanavalin A and phorbol 12-myristate 13 acetate was significantly higher for the chicks hatched from breeders fed diets supplemented with vitamin E or beta-carotene alone, or vitamin E plus beta-carotene, than for the control chicks. Chicks hatched from hens supplemented with vitamin E had significantly higher antibody titers at 1 and 7 d of age than chicks from the control group. Vitamin E supplementation of breeder birds increased the immune response of their progeny.
Authors:
A U Haq; C A Bailey; A Chinnah
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Poultry science     Volume:  75     ISSN:  0032-5791     ISO Abbreviation:  Poult. Sci.     Publication Date:  1996 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-01-21     Completed Date:  1997-01-21     Revised Date:  2003-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401150     Medline TA:  Poult Sci     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1092-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Poultry Science, Texas A&M University System, College Station 77843-2472, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Animals, Newborn / immunology*,  metabolism
Antibodies, Viral / analysis,  immunology,  metabolism
Antioxidants / pharmacology*
Canthaxanthin / pharmacology*
Carcinogens / pharmacology
Cell Division / physiology
Cells, Cultured
Chickens / growth & development,  immunology*,  metabolism
Concanavalin A / pharmacology
Diet / veterinary
Female
Furans / pharmacology
Lectins / pharmacology
Lutein / pharmacology*
Lymphocytes / cytology,  metabolism
Male
Maternal-Fetal Exchange / immunology,  physiology
Newcastle disease virus / immunology
Pregnancy
Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate / pharmacology
Thymidine / metabolism
Tritium
Vitamin E / pharmacology*
Weight Gain / physiology
beta Carotene / pharmacology*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Antibodies, Viral; 0/Antioxidants; 0/Carcinogens; 0/Furans; 0/Lectins; 10028-17-8/Tritium; 109-99-9/tetrahydrofuran; 11028-71-0/Concanavalin A; 127-40-2/Lutein; 1406-18-4/Vitamin E; 16561-29-8/Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate; 50-89-5/Thymidine; 514-78-3/Canthaxanthin; 7235-40-7/beta Carotene

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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