Document Detail


Effect of availability of a parturient-elective regional labor pain relief service on the mode of delivery.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16959620     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Regional analgesia for labor pain relief is effective and widely used. This study evaluated the controversial association between mode of operative delivery and patient-elective labor regional analgesia. METHODS: We retrospectively compared the rates of instrumental vaginal and cesarean deliveries in parturients before the introduction, in the first 15 months after, and in the subsequent 36 months after the implementation of an elective labor regional analgesia service. A total of 9779 low-risk singleton cephalic pregnancies above 36 weeks of gestation were included. The maternal and fetal outcomes for parturients before the service was implemented and in those with or without pain relief service in the two postimplementation periods were analyzed. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to investigate the effects of maternal age, gestational weeks and newborn weight, in addition to regional analgesia, on the mode of delivery in nulliparous women. RESULTS: After adjusting for maternal age, gestational weeks, and newborn weight, no significant association was found between regional analgesia and cesarean delivery in nulliparas. Further, this lack of association was not affected by the receipt of regional analgesia in the early period of program implementation or in the period after staff had become familiar with the service. A higher rate of instrumental vaginal delivery was noted in nulliparas given regional analgesia. CONCLUSION: Regional analgesia for pain relief increased the likelihood of instrumental vaginal delivery, but did not increase the likelihood of cesarean delivery.
Authors:
Hsiao-Lin Hwa; Li-Kuei Chen; Tony Hsiu-Hsi Chen; Chien-Nan Lee; Ming-Kwang Shyu; Jin-Chung Shih
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the Formosan Medical Association = Taiwan yi zhi     Volume:  105     ISSN:  0929-6646     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Formos. Med. Assoc.     Publication Date:  2006 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-09-08     Completed Date:  2007-11-13     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9214933     Medline TA:  J Formos Med Assoc     Country:  China    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  722-30     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, National Taiwan University Hospital and National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Analgesia, Epidural*
Analgesia, Obstetrical*
Cesarean Section*
Decision Making*
Extraction, Obstetrical*
Female
Humans
Labor Pain / drug therapy*
Parturition / psychology*
Pregnancy
Retrospective Studies

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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