Document Detail

Effect of antimicrobial proteins from porcine leukocytes on Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli in comminuted meats.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22063256     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Study is aimed to elucidate the effect of porcine leukocyte antimicrobial protein on the proliferation of Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli inoculated in ground meats. The antimicrobial proteins were isolated from porcine blood using 0.2 M sodium acetate extraction and cation-exchange column chromatography. Antimicrobial protein preparation consisted predominantly of 7.5 and 6 kDa molecules. Immunoblotting demonstrated that the 7.5 kDa molecule displayed defensin immuno-reactivity, a unique blood granulocyte antimicrobial protein. Both 7.5 and 6 kDa molecules could decrease apparent proliferation of test cultures. Sterilization (121 °C, 30 min) and proteolytic enzymes (pepsin, trypsin, and chymotrypsin) could significantly decrease bacteriocidal activities of antimicrobial protein preparation. Furthermore, antimicrobial protein preparation enhanced exposure of intercellular nucleotide of test cultures. Antimicrobial protein preparation inhibition of S. aureus and E. coli growth was concentration and time dependence. Adding 160 μg/g antimicrobial protein preparation to ground ham meat and sausage mince could significantly (P<0.05) hurdle viable colony formation of test cultures at 6 and 12 h, respectively. Taken together, porcine leukocyte antimicrobial protein preparation has potential to inhibit proliferation of S. aureus and E. coli inoculated in ground meat via induction of bacterolysis, suggesting this antimicrobial protein preparation be an alternative natural bio-preservation source for ground meat products.
Feng-Sheng Wang
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Meat science     Volume:  65     ISSN:  0309-1740     ISO Abbreviation:  Meat Sci.     Publication Date:  2003 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-11-08     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101160862     Medline TA:  Meat Sci     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  615-21     Citation Subset:  -    
Laboratory of Musculoskeletal Science, Department of Medical Research, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, 123 Ta-Pei Road, Niao-Sung, Kaohsiung 833, Taiwan.
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