Document Detail


Effect of anion transport inhibition on mucus secretion by airway submucosal glands.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9124389     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
To model the airway glandular defect in cystic fibrosis (CF), the effect of anion secretion blockers on submucosal gland mucus secretion was investigated. Porcine distal bronchi were isolated, pretreated with a Cl- secretion blocker (bumetanide) and/or a combination of blockers to inhibit HCO3- secretion (dimethylamiloride, acetazolamide, and 4,4'-diisothiocyanostilbene-2,2'-disulfonic acid), and then treated with acetylcholine (ACh), a glandular liquid and mucus secretagogue. Bronchi were then fixed, sectioned, and stained for mucins. Each gland duct was ranked for mucin content from zero (no mucin) to five (duct completely occluded with mucin). Untreated bronchi, bronchi treated only with ACh, and ACh-treated bronchi that received either bumetanide or the HCO3- secretion blockers all exhibited low gland duct mucin content (1.18 +/- 0.34, 0.59 +/- 0.07, 0.65 +/- 0.03, and 0.83 +/- 0.11, respectively). However, pretreatment with both Cl- and HCO3- secretion blockers before ACh addition resulted in substantial and significant ductal mucus accumulation (3.57 +/- 0.22). In situ videomicroscopy studies of intact airways confirmed these results. Thus inhibition of the anion (and presumably liquid) secretion response to ACh leads to mucus obstruction of submucosal gland ducts that resembles the early pathological changes observed in CF.
Authors:
S K Inglis; M R Corboz; A E Taylor; S T Ballard
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Publication Detail:
Type:  In Vitro; Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of physiology     Volume:  272     ISSN:  0002-9513     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Physiol.     Publication Date:  1997 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-04-24     Completed Date:  1997-04-24     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370511     Medline TA:  Am J Physiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  L372-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, University of South Alabama, Mobile 36688, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Acetylcholine / pharmacology
Animals
Anions / antagonists & inhibitors*,  metabolism
Biological Transport
Bronchi / drug effects,  metabolism*
Microscopy, Video
Mucins / metabolism
Mucous Membrane / drug effects,  metabolism
Mucus / secretion*
Swine
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
HL-22549/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS; HL-48622/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Anions; 0/Mucins; 51-84-3/Acetylcholine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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