Document Detail


Effect of angina pectoris on myocardial protection in patients with reperfused anterior wall myocardial infarction: retrospective clinical evidence of "preconditioning".
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7897119     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: We examined whether angina pectoris occurring shortly before the onset of acute myocardial infarction can actually preserve postischemic left ventricular function in humans. BACKGROUND: Experimental studies indicate that brief, transient episodes of ischemia render the heart very resistant to infarction from a subsequent sustained ischemic insult, an effect termed ischemic preconditioning. However, no clinical data are available concerning the implications of angina pectoris shortly before the onset of infarction in humans. METHODS: We studied 84 patients with an acute anterior myocardial infarction. All patients had total occlusion of the proximal or medial portion of the left anterior descending coronary artery and achieved reflow within 6 h of onset. Patients were classified into three groups on the basis of duration of antecedent angina pectoris: group 1 = no angina (37 patients); group 2 = new angina pectoris occurring < or = 7 days of onset of infarction (22 patients); group 3 = angina pectoris beginning > 7 days before onset of infarction (25 patients). All patients underwent left ventriculography on the day of, and 28 days after, onset of infarction to determine ejection fraction and regional wall motion in the territory of the left anterior descending coronary artery by the centerline method. RESULTS: Angiographic collateral flow grade was higher in group 3 than in groups 1 and 2 ([mean +/- SD] group 1 = 0.08 +/- 0.7, group 2 = 0.7 +/- 0.7, group 3 = 1.5 +/- 0.8). Although there were no differences in baseline ejection fraction and regional wall motion among the three groups, the degree of improvement was significantly greater in groups 2 and 3 than in group 1 (late minus baseline ejection fraction: group 1 = 0 +/- 8%, group 2 = 7 +/- 10% group 3 = 6 +/- 10% [p < 0.05 group 1 vs. groups 2 and 3]; late minus baseline regional wall motion: group 1 = 0.2 +/- 0.4, group 2 = 0.6 +/- 0.5, group 3 = 0.5 +/- 0.6 SD/chord [p < 0.05, group 1 vs. group 2]). When the study was limited to those patients with no or poor collateral flow (31 in group 1, 19 in group 2, 10 in group 3), only group 2 patients had a significant improvement in wall motion. Angina pectoris within 24 h before onset of infarction was more frequent in group 2 (82%) than group 3 (28%, p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Episodes of angina pectoris occurring shortly before the onset of infarction may preserve myocardial contractile function in reperfused myocardial infarction despite less support from collateral flow channels, although these are suggestive results in a limited number of patients.
Authors:
Y Nakagawa; H Ito; M Kitakaze; H Kusuoka; M Hori; T Kuzuya; Y Higashino; K Fujii; T Minamino
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American College of Cardiology     Volume:  25     ISSN:  0735-1097     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Am. Coll. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  1995 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-04-21     Completed Date:  1995-04-21     Revised Date:  2010-03-24    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8301365     Medline TA:  J Am Coll Cardiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1076-83     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Division of Cardiology, Sakurabashi Watanabe Hospital, Osaka, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Angina Pectoris / physiopathology*
Collateral Circulation / physiology
Coronary Angiography
Coronary Circulation / physiology
Female
Heart Catheterization
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Myocardial Contraction / physiology
Myocardial Infarction / physiopathology*,  radiography,  therapy
Myocardial Reperfusion
Myocardial Reperfusion Injury / physiopathology,  prevention & control*,  radiography
Regression Analysis
Retrospective Studies
Time Factors
Ventricular Function, Left / physiology*
Comments/Corrections
Comment In:
J Am Coll Cardiol. 1995 Oct;26(4):1113-4   [PMID:  7560605 ]

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