Document Detail

Effect of alveolar and pleural pressures on interstitial pressures in isolated dog lungs.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2022584     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
We report the first direct measurements of perialveolar interstitial pressures in lungs inflated with negative pleural pressure. In eight experiments, we varied surrounding (pleural) pressure in a dog lung lobe to maintain constant inflation with either positive alveolar and ambient atmospheric pleural pressures (positive inflation) or ambient atmospheric alveolar and negative pleural pressures (negative inflation). Throughout, vascular pressure was approximately 4 cmH2O above pleural pressure. By the micropuncture servo-null technique we recorded interstitial pressures at alveolar junctions (Pjct) and in the perimicrovascular adventitia (Padv). At transpulmonary pressure of 7 cmH2O (n = 4), the difference of Pjct and Pady from pleural pressure of 0.9 +/- 0.4 and -1.1 +/- 0.2 cmH2O, respectively, during positive inflation did not significantly change (P less than 0.05) after negative inflation. After increase of transpulmonary pressure from 7 to 15 cmH2O (n = 4), the decrease of Pjct by 3.3 +/- 0.3 cmH2O and Pady by 2.0 +/- 0.4 cmH2O during positive inflation did not change during negative inflation. The Pjct-Pady gradient was not affected by the mode of inflation. Our measurements indicate that, in lung, when all pressures are referred to pleural or alveolar pressure, the mode of inflation does not affect perialveolar interstitial pressures.
M R Glucksberg; J Bhattacharya
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Publication Detail:
Type:  In Vitro; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985)     Volume:  70     ISSN:  8750-7587     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Appl. Physiol.     Publication Date:  1991 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1991-06-04     Completed Date:  1991-06-04     Revised Date:  2013-09-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8502536     Medline TA:  J Appl Physiol (1985)     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  914-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
St. Luke's Roosevelt Hospital Center, New York, New York.
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MeSH Terms
Extracellular Space / physiology
Lung / physiology*
Pleura / physiology
Pulmonary Alveoli / physiology
Respiratory Mechanics / physiology*
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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