Document Detail


Effect of altering the proportion of dietary fat and carbohydrate on exercise gas exchange in normal subjects.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2499233     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
A low proportion of dietary calories as carbohydrate has been suggested for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, because oxidation of carbohydrate (CHO) compared to fat results in greater CO2 production (VCO2) and, at the same arterial PCO2 (PaCO2), higher alveolar and minute ventilation (VE) and increased dyspnea. We hypothesized that a low CHO-high fat diet, although reducing VCO2 and VE at rest, might result in only a small change in VCO2 and VE during exercise. Eight healthy volunteers were randomized to receive for 24 h either isocaloric diets containing 10% or 70% of total calories from CHO (remainder of nonprotein calories from fat). Measurements of VCO2, VE, and respiratory gas exchange ratio (R) were made at rest and during constant work rate cycle exercise below the anaerobic threshold. Five to seven days later, the alternate diet was given and the studies were repeated. At rest, mean VCO2 and R were significantly lower after the low CHO diet compared to the high CHO diet. Mean resting VE was less but not significantly (high CHO 9.6 [0.7] versus low CHO 8.7 [0.8] L/min, mean [SEM]). During exercise, mean VCO2 and R were significantly less after the low CHO diet, but mean VE was only slightly smaller and not significantly different between diets (high CHO 25.4 [1.1] versus low CHO 24.0 [1.0] L/min). The increase in VCO2 from rest to exercise was relatively independent of the substrate mix recently consumed, suggesting that the exercising muscles use stored muscle glycogen as substrate during short bouts of low-intensity exercise despite changes in substrate utilization by nonmuscle tissues at rest.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Authors:
D Y Sue; M M Chung; M Grosvenor; K Wasserman
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American review of respiratory disease     Volume:  139     ISSN:  0003-0805     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. Rev. Respir. Dis.     Publication Date:  1989 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1989-07-12     Completed Date:  1989-07-12     Revised Date:  2013-03-07    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370523     Medline TA:  Am Rev Respir Dis     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1430-4     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM; S    
Affiliation:
Department of Medicine, Harbor-UCLA Medical Center, Torrance 90509.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Carbon Dioxide / physiology
Dietary Carbohydrates / administration & dosage*
Dietary Fats / administration & dosage*
Female
Humans
Male
Oxygen Consumption
Physical Exertion*
Pulmonary Gas Exchange*
Respiration
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
5M01 RR-00425/RR/NCRR NIH HHS; HL-11907/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Dietary Carbohydrates; 0/Dietary Fats; 124-38-9/Carbon Dioxide

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