Document Detail

Effect of alkali treatment on properties of native shellac and stability of hydrolyzed shellac.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15776812     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of alkali treatment on properties of shellac. The native shellac was treated with sodium hydroxide for 15, 30, and 60 min to obtain hydrolyzed shellac. All types of shellac, namely native and hydrolyzed shellac at various times of treatment, were then prepared in films as free acid and ammonium salt forms by using ethanol and ammonium hydroxide solution, respectively. The results showed that alkali treatment caused an increase in acid value and a decrease in ester value. This is due to higher free carboxylic and hydroxyl groups caused by ester bond breaking. The longer the alkali treatment the higher impact of bond breaking, therefore, causing an increase in acid value, solubility at pH 7, strain, a decrease in ester value, water vapor permeability coefficient, and stress. The films were then kept at 40 degrees C, 75% RH for a period of three months. The aging effect led to an esterification of free carboxylic and hydroxyl groups, resulting in the significant change of acid value, ester value, and insoluble solid for both native and hydrolyzed shellac films in acid form. On the other hand, all types of shellac films in ammonium salt form exhibited a reasonable stability in physicochemical and mechanical properties as all films were protected from the esterification due to the formation of ammonium salt at the carboxylic binding site. It could be concluded that alkali treatment could produce hydrolyzed shellac with higher solubility in the intestine, the stability was yet in dilemma unless the shellac was in an ammonium salt form. The result obtained could, thus, provide a guideline in the use of shellac.
Sontaya Limmatvapirat; Jurairat Nunthanid; Manee Luangtana-anan; Satit Puttipipatkhachorn
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pharmaceutical development and technology     Volume:  10     ISSN:  1083-7450     ISO Abbreviation:  Pharm Dev Technol     Publication Date:  2005  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-03-21     Completed Date:  2005-07-14     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9610932     Medline TA:  Pharm Dev Technol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  41-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Silpakorn University, Nakhon Pathom, Thailand.
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MeSH Terms
Alkalies / analysis,  chemistry*
Drug Stability
Resins, Plant / analysis,  chemistry*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Alkalies; 0/Resins, Plant; 9000-59-3/shellac

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