Document Detail


Effect of ageing on the relationship between early diastolic left ventricular function and mitral valve motion.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8439829     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: The relationships between age and diastolic left ventricular function, and age and mitral valve motion were studied. DESIGN: The maximum velocity of circumferential fibre lengthening (negative peak Vcf) of left ventricular function and mitral valve motions, such as mitral valve E and A wave amplitude, D-E and E-F slopes, and their relationships were assessed. SUBJECTS: Twenty young, healthy persons (10 males and 10 females) from 20 to 47 years old (mean 34.5), and 26 older healthy subjects (five males and 21 females) from 62 to 94 years old (mean 80.0) were studied. INTERVENTION: M-mode echocardiography of left ventricular function and mitral valve motion were recorded and digitized for the assessment. MAIN RESULTS: Age showed a significant (P = 0.0001) correlation with negative peak Vcf (r = -0.62), with E wave amplitude (r = -0.83), with D-E slope (r = -0.71) and with E-F slope (r = -0.83). Negative peak Vcf was correlated with E wave amplitude (r = 0.51, P = 0.0007), with D-E slope (r = 0.31, P = 0.058), with E-F slope (r = 0.53, P = 0.0005). Its relations with mitral valve A wave amplitude was r = -0.30, P = 0.17 in the elderly group and r = 0.003, P = 0.99 in the younger group. A significant (P < 0.001) positive, linear correlation was observed between age and mitral A/E ratio (r = 0.82). CONCLUSIONS: The easily measurable mitral valve E-F slope and E wave amplitude can be used to assess early diastolic left ventricular function in ageing. Left atrial contraction appears to play a more important role in the elderly, compensating for the decline in early diastolic left ventricular function.
Authors:
H Tsuchiya; M Matsumoto; Y Goriya
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Canadian journal of cardiology     Volume:  9     ISSN:  0828-282X     ISO Abbreviation:  Can J Cardiol     Publication Date:    1993 Jan-Feb
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1993-04-01     Completed Date:  1993-04-01     Revised Date:  2008-04-09    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8510280     Medline TA:  Can J Cardiol     Country:  CANADA    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  47-52     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Gerontology, Kanazawa Medical University, Ishikawa-ken, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Aging / physiology*
Atrial Function, Left / physiology
Echocardiography
Female
Humans
Male
Mitral Valve / physiology*
Myocardial Contraction / physiology*
Ventricular Function, Left / physiology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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