Document Detail

Effect of age on exercise capacity and cardiac reserve in patients with pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum after biventricular repair.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22290918     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
OBJECTIVESIn patients with pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum (PAIVS), biventricular repair is considered to be the optimal treatment option in the absence of significant right ventricular (RV) hypoplasia. However, long-term clinical outcome studies are limited. We evaluated exercise capacity and cardiac function during pharmacological stress in children and young adults with PAIVS after biventricular repair.METHODSTen PAIVS patients after biventricular repair, with a median age of 12 years (range 9-42 years), underwent a cardiopulmonary exercise test, dobutamine stress magnetic resonance imaging (DS-MRI) and delayed contrast enhancement (DCE) MRI.RESULTSThe patients' ages negatively correlated with exercise capacity (r = -0.72, P = 0.01) as well as left (LV) and RV stroke volume (SV) response to pharmacological stress (r = -0.72, P = 0.02; and r = -0.64, P = 0.04; respectively), Furthermore, older age was associated with decreased RV E/A volume ratio and increased pulmonary late diastolic forward flow percentage (r = 0-0.65, P = 0.04, r = 0.66, P = 0.03, respectively). RV E/A volume ratio positively correlated with RV-SV response to DS-MRI (r = 0.77, P = 0.009). and O(2)-pulse during physical stress correlated with biventricular SV response to DS-MRI. No RV or LV ventricular myocardial fibrosis was detected.CONCLUSIONSIn PAIVS patients after biventricular repair exercise capacity and cardiac reserve decrease with age. These findings appear to be related to impaired diastolic RV function and decreased RV filling, indicating that the function of the relatively small RV deteriorates with time.
Soha Romeih; Maarten Groenink; Mart N van der Plas; Anje M Spijkerboer; Mark G Hazekamp; Saskia Luijnenburg; Barbara J M Mulder; Nico A Blom
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-1-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of cardio-thoracic surgery : official journal of the European Association for Cardio-thoracic Surgery     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-734X     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-1-31     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8804069     Medline TA:  Eur J Cardiothorac Surg     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Cardiology, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
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