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Effect of the accommodation-vergence conflict on vergence eye movements.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24835799     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
With the broader use of stereoscopic displays, a flurry of research activity about the accommodation-vergence conflict has emerged to highlight the implications for the human visual system. In stereoscopic displays, the introduction of binocular disparities requires the eyes to make vergence movements. In this study, we examined vergence dynamics with regard to the conflict between the stimulus-to-accommodation and the stimulus-to-vergence. In a first experiment, we evaluated the immediate effect of the conflict on vergence responses by presenting stimuli with conflicting disparity and focus on a stereoscopic display (i.e. increasing the stereoscopic demand) or by presenting stimuli with matched disparity and focus using an arrangement of displays and a beam splitter (i.e. focus and disparity specifying the same locations). We found that the dynamics of vergence responses were slower overall in the first case due to the conflict between accommodation and vergence. In a second experiment, we examined the effect of a prolonged exposure to the accommodation-vergence conflict on vergence responses, in which participants judged whether an oscillating depth pattern was in front or behind the fixation plane. An increase in peak velocity was observed, thereby suggesting that the vergence system has adapted to the stereoscopic demand. A slight increase in vergence latency was also observed, thus indicating a small decline of vergence performance. These findings offer a better understanding and document how the vergence system behaves in stereoscopic displays. We describe what stimuli in stereo-movies might produce these oculomotor effects, and discuss potential applications perspectives.
Authors:
Cyril Vienne; Laurent Sorin; Laurent Blondé; Quan Huynh-Thu; Pascal Mamassian
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-5-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  Vision research     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1878-5646     ISO Abbreviation:  Vision Res.     Publication Date:  2014 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-5-19     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0417402     Medline TA:  Vision Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
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